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Pakistan Influential partner country in South Asia
Pakistan is also affected by politically, religiously and economically motivated conflicts between Saudi Arabia and Iran. As a result, Pakistan has been trying to establish closer relations with China, both politically and economically.
A high level of population growth (Pakistan's current population is about 220 million), weak public administration, deficits with regard to the protection of human rights and to the provision of an enabling environment for sustainable growth, and high vulnerability to the consequences of climate change are posing great structural challenges for Pakistan.
The country's internal dynamism and its global weight make Pakistan an important partner for Germany's development cooperation.
German development cooperation with Pakistan
Germany and Pakistan have engaged in development cooperation since 1961, the year in which the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) was founded.
Germany's development cooperation with Pakistan is geared towards supporting the country in achieving sustainable economic development. The BMZ committed 174.25 million euros for 2020 and 2021 in support of these efforts. Cooperation focuses on the following core areas and areas of intervention:
- Sustainable economic development, training and employment
- Climate and energy, just transition
In addition, Germany is working in Pakistan to reduce push factors for migration and displacement by assisting the economically weak regions on the Afghan border in hosting refugees and improving municipal infrastructure in communities with high numbers of migrants. Where possible, account is taken of women as a target group in all projects, and special support is provided to their active participation.
Geographically, the programme of development cooperation is concentrated on the north-west of the country. Germany is one of the few donors working with their own structures and staff in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and in what used to be called the tribal areas (now Merged Areas). Another focus is on the populous Province of Punjab. Among other things, it is home to a large number of textile companies.
In mid-2022, exceptionally heavy monsoon rain caused devastating floods. In September 2022, the German Development Ministry committed assistance for Pakistan of a total of 39 million euros to help deal with the current crisis and the social consequences of the floods and with the reconstruction of infrastructure.