Water scarcity and drought are among the serious consequences of climate change.

Climate change and development

Climate and development are inextricably linked. Climate change is already having severe consequences for humans and the environment, especially in developing countries. If we manage to limit global warming and adapt to climate change worldwide, then we will be able to prevent uncontrollable consequences for our planet and at the same time create new development opportunities.

Responsibility for our planet

See also
Logo: Twitter

The BMZ Climate Channel on Twitter: @BMZ_Climate External link

All current tweets on the the climate policy activities of the BMZ 

"Responsibility for our planet – climate and energy" is one of the core areas of the work of the German Develop­ment Ministry. The BMZ assists people in develop­ing countries in making head­way on climate change miti­gation and dealing with the conse­quences of climate change. To that end, the Ministry works to­gether with its partner countries across the world, helping to foster imple­men­tation of the Paris Agreement and the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sus­tainable Develop­ment.

Indus­trialised countries like Germany are the main contri­butors to the already percep­tible change in the climate. That is why these countries must now set a good example and reduce their green­house gas emissions.

The indus­trialised countries have also pledged to help the develop­ing countries and emerg­ing economies, which are often particu­larly affected by climate change, in their efforts to implement the Paris targets for climate change mitigation and adap­tation. These efforts will not only help to protect the climate but will also open up new opportunities for economic develop­ment and social progress in our partner countries. If the Paris Agreement is to be imple­mented, it is crucial that climate action is undertaken in emerging economies and develop­ing countries too, for they now produce around two thirds of global emissions.

In concrete terms, the BMZ's activities are geared towards reducing green­house gas emissions – for example through climate-neutral energy generation, forest conservation and climate-friendly mobility – and towards adaptation to climate change – for instance through improved water resource manage­ment, climate-resilient agriculture, climate risk analyses and insurance against climate-related damage. In this way, the BMZ is contri­buting towards inter­national climate financing and towards making inter­national financial flows climate neutral.

COP26 UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow | 31 October until 12 November 2021

In November 2021, the Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change met in Glasgow for the UN Climate Change Conference, COP (Conference of the Parties) 26. 

Logo: COP26 in Glasgow, United Kingdom
Logo: COP26 in Glasgow, United Kingdom

The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) represented the German Government on many negotiation topics. In addition, the BMZ organised events together with partners, including in the German pavilion.

News

Conclusion of the COP26
Logo: COP26 in Glasgow, United Kingdom

"From the point of view of the developing countries, the outcome is dis­ap­pointing" says Minister Müller Internal link

14 November 2021 |

"A lot of initiatives have been announced at COP26, such as phasing out fossil fuel subsidies or measures regarding global forest conservation. Yet, looking at it from the point of view of the developing countries, which find themselves hard hit by climate change, the envisaged commitments and measures are not enough."

COP26
A farmer with her herd of goats in drought-stricken north-western Kenya

Germany commits 150 million euros for climate change adaptation in developing countries  Internal link

8 November 2021 |

More robust support for adaptation to climate change is a key concern of developing countries at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow.

COP26
Wind turbines in South Africa

Germany supports South Africa in coal phase-out Internal link

2 November 2021 |

At COP26, Germany, the United Kingdom, the United States, France and the EU announced a new partnership with South Africa aimed at supporting the country’s energy transition. The focus is on phasing out coal-fired power generation.

Climate protection
Logo: COP26 in Glasgow, United Kingdom

26th UN Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow can usher in a new phase in international climate cooperation Internal link

31 October 2021 |

The 26th UN Climate Change Conference (COP26) started in Glasgow October 31st. Chaired by the UK, government representatives of 197 countries will take part in negotiations. Federal Chancellor Merkel is also attending this World Leaders Segment.

Everyone could participate: German Pavilion programme freely accessible

Rendering of the German Pavilion at COP26

Rendering of the German Pavilion at COP26

Rendering of the German Pavilion at COP26

COP26 Digital platform of the German pavilion External link

Click here for virtual participation in the programme of the German Pavilion. Learn more about the German commit­ment to climate pro­tection, adap­tation to climate change and the financ­ing of these measures. A one-time regis­tration is required.

For the first time, the public was able to follow the varied events in the German Pavilion at the World Climate Conference online. All events were broadcast live on a digital platform and their recordings are still available. In addition, the platform invited people to exchange ideas and offered a good insight into the commitment of the actors represented.

The programme (External link) of the German pavilion was jointly organised by the Federal Government and German civil society.

Video The BMZ's commitment to climate policy

Still from the BMZ video "Climate change and development: The BMZ's commitment to climate policy"
Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time. Only together can we identify ambitious solutions and implement them fast enough. The BMZ supports developing countries and emerging economies with a wide range of measures and programmes to achieve their climate commitments and to protect themselves against the impacts of climate change.

Background

Due to evaporation and periods of drought, the current drinking water supply in Tanzania is no longer secure.

Climate policy is inevitably also development policy Internal link

Should the international community fail to achieve the global climate targets, there will be far-reaching and partly irreversible consequences. What are known as "tipping points" in relation to the world's climate are on the verge of being exceeded.

Wind turbine at sunrise

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to climate impacts Internal link

In order to attain the global climate and development goals, what is needed above all is a transition to a largely decarbonised economy.

The then French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius - President of the COP21 climate conference - bangs down the gavel after representatives of 196 countries adopted a far-reaching climate agreement during the UN Climate Change Conference at Le Bourget airport in Paris, France, 12 December 2015.

Implementing the Paris Agreement Internal link

Climate change can only be kept within manageable limits if we systematically reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Any delay in taking action to protect the climate will make future action more difficult and drive up costs.

BMZ initiatives

Still from the video

The NDC Partnership

Video: In order to support developing countries to implement their climate and development goals effectively and quickly, there is the so-called NDC Partnership. It was initiated by Germany together with Morocco and the World Resources Institute.

The BMZ assists developing countries in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and addressing the consequences of climate change with a view to implementing international climate and development goals. To that end, a number of climate initiatives of international significance have been launched and supported by the BMZ and its partners.

They include the NDC Partnership, which seeks to help countries implement, and increase the ambition of, their Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement, and the InsuResilience Global Partnership for climate risk insurance. The BMZ also supports the expansion of renewable energy generation and reforestation in Africa, and forest conservation worldwide. Other BMZ initiatives focus on sustainable urban transport and climate-neutral transport. 

Another way in which the BMZ is combining development and climate action measures involves the voluntary offsetting of emissions by non-governmental entities, for example enterprises. By creating the Development and Climate Alliance (External link) in 2018, the BMZ provided a platform for such efforts. In 2020, the Alliance was converted into a foundation with its own governing board. The Alliance already has more than 900 supporters who are striving to become climate neutral by avoiding or reducing emissions and offsetting any remainder.

The BMZ itself is also setting a good example: at the end of 2019, the BMZ became the first federal ministry that counts as climate neutral. For a detailed description of our path to climate neutrality, see our report "Klimaneutrales BMZ 2020" (in German) on making the BMZ climate neutral by 2020.

Areas addressed by the BMZ in the field of climate

Meeting room of the international donor conference of the Green Climate Fund, hosted by the German government in Berlin on 20 November 2014.

Climate finance Internal link

Financing measures for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the consequences of climate change

A worker checks a solar installation on a roof in Santiago de Chile.

NDC Partnership Internal link

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are at the heart of the Paris climate agreement.

Flooding on the Philippines

Climate risk insurance Internal link

Developing solutions to protect people financially against climate shocks

Flooded roads and paths in Gonaives, Haiti, after hurricane Tomas passed through the area

Analysing and managing climate risks Internal link

Adopting a preparedness-based approach to climate-related environmental changes and extreme weather events

Solar panels of a solar power plant in Ouarzazate, Morocco

Energy and climate Internal link

Working for a global energy transition and access to energy for all

Road traffic in Berlin, numerous cars driving closely packed on a multi-lane road

Cities and climate Internal link

Development of sustainable urban infrastructure, promotion of climate-friendly mobility and establishment of an urban waste and circular economy

Ethiopian nomads who have settled in a village in the Somali region of Ethiopia due to persistent drought.

Migration and climate Internal link

Assistance for people displaced by climate change

Moorland in Europe

Climate and biodiversity Internal link

Biodiversity conservation is one of the keys to success in climate change mitigation and in adapting to the consequences of climate change. 

"Responsibility for our planet – climate and energy" BMZ Core Area Strategy

Cover core area strategy energy and climate

BMZ Core area strategy: "Responsibility for our planet – climate and energy"

BMZ strategy | BMZ Paper 6

File type PDF | Date of status 07/2021 | File size 578 KB, Pages 37 Pages

Fighting global warming and supporting adaptation to climate change have long been important areas of Germany's development policy. The BMZ's Core Area Strategy on "Responsibility for Our Planet – Climate and Energy" provides a framework for the BMZ’s activities in this field. The Core Area Strategy is the pilot strategy for the "BMZ 2030" reform process, in which the BMZ defined five long-term "core areas" on which it will concentrate.

It focuses on approaches that support the social, environmental and economic transformation that is needed to achieve the 1.5 degree target and the goals of the 2030 Agenda. Through strategic cooperation on climate action with selected partner countries, the BMZ wants to achieve a new quality of cooperation.

The Core Area Strategy deepens the BMZ's approach in three areas of intervention:

1. Climate change mitigation and adaptation

In the first area of intervention "Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation" the BMZ supports the definition and implementation of ambitious mitigation targets in our partner countries, for example by reducing subsidies for fossil fuels and introducing socially equitable CO2 prices. In addition, the BMZ works in particular with the most vulnerable countries on measures to promote adaptation to climate change and boost their resilience

2. Renewable energy and energy efficiency

In the second area of intervention – "Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency" – the BMZ aims to meet rapidly rising energy demand in a climate-neutral way. To that end, the energy sector is to become completely independent from coal, gas and oil by 2050. Together with its partner countries and the international donor community, the BMZ aims, by 2030, to give populations in its partner countries access to a needs-based energy supply which is to be drawn fully from renewable sources.

3. Sustainable urban development

The objective of German development policy in the third area of intervention – "Sustainable Urban Development" – is to contribute to sustainable, climate-neutral, resilient and liveable cities. To that end, the BMZ assists its partners in pursuing integrated approaches in order to ensure, from the earliest possible point, that urban growth is climate-friendly and resource-friendly.

The BMZ also systematically promotes environmentally sustainable and climate-compatible development in other relevant sectors, in particular in relation to nutrition systems, forest conservation, biodiversity and water. The relevant strategies and their relevance to the issue of climate change are explained in the respective core area strategies, in particular in the core areas "Protecting Life on Earth – The Environment and Natural Resources" and "A World Without Hunger".

BMZ publications: Highlights

Adaptation to Climate Change: Promising Ways to Tackle Climate Risks

Adaptation to Climate Change

Promising Ways to Tackle Climate Risks

File type PDF | Date of status 10/2017 | File size 4 MB, Pages 32 Pages | Accessibility Accessible
Climate change – Time to act

Climate change – Time to act

Climate policy in the context of the 2030 Agenda

File type PDF | Date of status 10/2016 | File size 5 MB, Pages 48 Pages | Accessibility Accessible

BMZ factsheets

cover bmz climate policy contribution

Climate change and development

The BMZ's climate policy contribution

File type PDF | Date of status 11/2021 | File size 200 KB, Pages 2 Pages
Cover Adaptation to climate change

Adaptation to climate change

Successful management of the risks and impacts of climate change

File type PDF | Date of status 11/2021 | File size 323 KB, Pages 2 Pages
cover green recovery

Green recovery

File type PDF | Date of status 11/2021 | File size 392 KB, Pages 2 Pages

The BMZ Climate Factsheets provide a compact overview of the BMZ's climate policy engagement.