Uzbekistan At the heart of Central Asia
Formally, Uzbekistan is a democratic republic. The most important political powers are in the hands of the president, however. A parliamentary opposition criticising the government does not exist; there is virtually no division of powers.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev has been head of state since 2016. He has embarked on an ambitious course of reform aimed at turning Uzbekistan into a democratic market economy and is putting a focus on regional and international cooperation.
German development cooperation with Uzbekistan
Germany is supporting the reform efforts of the Uzbek government in the areas of health, ecological transformation and modernisation of the administration.
During the government negotiations in November 2022, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) committed up to 195 million euros for 2022 and 2023 in support for its partner country, with 175 million euros being allocated to Financial Cooperation projects and 20 million euros to Technical Cooperation projects. With this record commitment of funds, the BMZ expressly recognises the Uzbek government’s reform willingness and the progress already achieved in modernising the country.
Development cooperation between Uzbekistan and Germany currently focuses on four core areas:
- Peaceful and inclusive societies | Area of intervention: good governance
- Sustainable economic development, training and employment | Areas of intervention: technical and vocational education and training, private sector and financial sector development
- Climate and energy, just transition | Area of intervention: sustainable urban development
- Health, social protection and population policy | Area of intervention: health, pandemics and One Health
Uzbekistan also benefits from transnational projects being implemented in the region. These include projects dealing with legal and judicial reforms, climate risk management, trade and the sustainable utilisation of natural resources. Germany’s activities are closely aligned with the common strategy of the European Union for cooperation with Uzbekistan.
SDG trends for Uzbekistan
- On track or maintaining SDG achievement
- Moderately improving
- Trend information unavailable