Putin’s war is undoing many of Ukraine’s achievements. We stand firmly with the people of Ukraine and call for an immediate cessation of hostilities. We express our solidarity with the people, who are currently having to endure unspeakable suffering.
Svenja Schulze on 25 February 2022Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development
Germany has been supporting Ukraine through development cooperation in a range of different areas for many years. They include strengthening civil protection, energy supply and providing accommodation for people who had already been displaced from their home region in 2014. With the start of the war it was clear that these programmes would not be able to continue as planned.
Therefore, over the last few weeks, the BMZ has been making huge efforts to provide the people in Ukraine with quick and flexible assistance. In accordance with the wishes of our Ukrainian partners in the government, municipalities and civil society, we have adapted our ongoing cooperation activities. At the forefront of these activities now is meeting the acute needs of the people in Ukraine.
Our current development policy emergency programme has a total volume of around 122 million euros (as at 21 April 2022). Further measures will follow. The emergency programme is being implemented by GIZ and KfW Entwicklungsbank via partners on the ground. These partners include the Ukrainian civil protection services, partner municipalities and organisations like the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
German activitiesWhat are we already doing?
We are supplying the Ukrainian civil protection services with life-saving equipment.
The first deliveries of protective clothing, respiratory protective devices and fire extinguishers were already handed over to our Ukrainian partners in Kiev and in western Ukraine on the eighth day of the war.
We are supporting the acute crisis management activities of partner municipalities.
Ukrainian municipalities that we have so far been advising on implementing administrative reforms are now receiving support in connection with the procurement of relief supplies and are getting telephone and online advice for coordinating disaster relief efforts.
We are helping people who have been displaced.
Our efforts to help displaced people were initially focused on eastern Ukraine. We were engaged there in supporting the construction of housing for people who had been displaced in 2014. Now we are expanding our support to erecting shelters for the many more Ukrainians who have currently been forced to flee their homes because of the war. Another project that was aimed at strengthening the economic situation of people already displaced in 2014 is now supporting the continuation of small and medium-sized businesses operated by people who have been displaced by the war.
Together with UNICEF we are scaling up our psychosocial counselling programmes for women and children who have been displaced.
Our ongoing cooperation to help provide psychosocial counselling for displaced persons, in particular women, children and young people, is now being aimed at regions in Ukraine that are hosting especially large numbers of displaced people. In order to support the counselling being provided by UNICEF in western Ukraine, the BMZ has made an additional two million euros available.
We are supporting our partner country Moldova in dealing with the refugee crisis.
Refugees now make up more than four per cent of the population in Moldova. The support provided by Germany is helping, for example, with the management of the national crisis centre, with finding jobs, and with hosting refugees and integrating them into local communities. At the same time the BMZ will be supporting Moldova in reducing its energy dependence on Russia – including by making more use of renewable energy and by improving energy efficiency.
The global impacts of the war
Russia and Ukraine are major producers of grain. In countries that depend on wheat imports from Ukraine and Russia, there is a threat of hunger. What is more, as a result of the war, food prices – which were already very high – have risen further. Our programmes in the fields of food security, agriculture and rural development are aimed at transforming global agricultural and food systems. This includes strengthening local cultivation and local/regional trade. That makes agricultural and food systems more resilient and reduces dependence on imports. Our goal is economically, ecologically and socially sustainable agricultural and food systems.
The acute crisis symptoms are also due in part to chronic problems with agricultural and food systems. These problems include vulnerable supply chains and depending on too few suppliers and too few different crops. The BMZ is one of the driving forces behind efforts to transform agricultural and food systems to make them more sustainable. They need to become more sustainable and as a result more resilient – that is active crisis prevention.
Affordable energy supplies
The increased energy prices as a result of the war are hitting developing countries very hard. Their extensive dependence on imported fossil fuels means that many of these countries are vulnerable.
The BMZ is already assisting many partner countries in expanding the use of renewable energies. Initially this is about ensuring that these countries are able to cover their own energy consumption. Being able to produce energy from renewable sources locally is a huge opportunity for poorer countries in particular: renewable energies are a boon to development, enabling countries to have a secure, affordable, eco-friendly and independent energy supply, and creating new jobs.