Ukraine Some progress in a tense setting
Since early 2014, Ukraine has been in a difficult phase of transition. Major factors that dominate the current situation are the annexation of the Crimean peninsula by Russia in violation of international law and the conflict in eastern Ukraine, but also efforts by the government to carry out reforms. Since February 2015, there has been a ceasefire between the Ukrainian government and pro-Russian militias in the eastern part of the country, but it has been fragile.
Progress has been made in the area of reform, but the need for reform remains high. The government in office between 2014 and 2019 under former President Petro Poroshenko and Prime Minister Volodymyr Hrojsman pursued an overall course of European association and reform.
The 2019 presidential election was won by the challenger Volodymyr Selensky with 73.22 percent of the votes against the former incumbent Poroshenko (24.45 percent) in a run-off election on 21 April. Selensky was sworn in on 20 May 2019. Early parliamentary elections took place on 21 July 2019. The party of President Selensky, "Sluha narodu" (servant of the people), won the absolute majority of the mandates.
Since 2002, Germany has been supporting Ukraine's efforts to establish a democratic system based on the rule of law and to introduce a market-based economic system. Ukrainian-German development cooperation focuses on democracy, civil society, public administration and decentralisation; energy efficiency; and sustainable economic development.
German development cooperation with Ukraine
Ukraine is one of Germany's development cooperation partner countries, meaning that there is a programme of close cooperation based on intergovernmental agreements. The German government has committed 82.6 million euros for 2019 for bilateral development cooperation with Ukraine. Since 2014, the BMZ has made available a total of about 545 million euros to Ukraine for new cooperation projects under official bilateral development cooperation.
The priority areas of cooperation are
- Democracy, civil society, public administration and decentralisation
- Energy efficiency
- Sustainable economic development
In addition to cooperation in these priority areas, Germany also supports Ukraine through its special initiative "Tackling the root causes of displacement, reintegrating refugees". The BMZ has also considerably expanded its support for Ukraine's response to the crisis in the eastern part of the country. 10 million euros was committed in 2018 for a new special support programme for Eastern Ukraine (government-controlled areas). Among other things, the funding will support municipalities in improving health services and social services. Further activities include support for job creation and the provision of housing.