Women villagers around a public well in Chad

Chad A country in transition

Chad is one of the world’s poorest countries. It is currently ranked 190th out of 191 countries on the Human Development Index (HDI). More than 40 per cent of Chadians live in poverty. Chad has been an oil-producing country since 2003; however, there has been very little development of other economic sectors. There is a high level of debt.

Straight to
Stamp from Chad

The country faces major challenges. They include high population growth, the impacts of climate change and associated food insecurity, sometimes violent power struggles, widespread corruption, ethnic conflicts, attacks by Islamist terror groups, and the need to provide for refugees and internally displaced persons. The coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated an already difficult situation.

After the sudden death of long-time president Idriss Déby in April 2021, Chad is in a phase of political transition. In contravention of constitutional provisions, a military council has taken over the temporary leadership of this Central African state. This transitional period is due to end with democratic elections.

In the security policy context, Chad plays an important military role in the region, participating in various multinational and regional forces (MINUSMA, G5 Sahel, Multinational Joint Task Force).

German development cooperation with Chad

Chad is a nexus and peace partner for the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Cooperation with these partners focuses on addressing the structural causes of conflicts, displacement and violence. The BMZ supports the partners’ peacekeeping activities and promotes stabilisation processes.

Transitional development assistance and the Special Initiative on Displacement

Bilateral development cooperation between Germany and Chad was suspended in 2008. In recent years, the BMZ has, nonetheless, continued to provide support to this Central African country, mainly within the framework of transitional development assistance. In addition to projects implemented by GIZ and KfW, funding is provided for measures by non-governmental organisations and multilateral partners such as the World Food Programme (WFP).

The focus is on strengthening food security, resilience and the provision of basic services in the water, sanitation, reproductive health and agriculture sectors.

In order to improve the livelihoods of the local population and refugees, the BMZ has also provided support to Chad under the Special Initiative “Displaced Persons and Host Countries”.

In addition, the BMZ contributes to the fund launched by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to support the transition process in Chad; see also: Political situation.

Furthermore, Chad is a beneficiary country within the framework of German development cooperation with the Sahel Alliance (External link)and with regional organisations such as the Lake Chad Basin Commission (Commission du bassin du lac Tchad – CBLT), the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) and the Commission of Central African Forests (COMIFAC). The BMZ also supports Chad through its promotion of civil society, the churches, political foundations and business and its contributions to measures undertaken by the EU and multilateral institutions.

Current situation

A woman casts her vote in the 2016 presidential election in Chad.
Health facility for malnourished children, Notre Dame des Apotres in N`Djamena, Chad
Street scene in N'Djamena, the capital of Chad

As at: 08/08/2022