Tanzania Setting the country a new political path
Tanzania is one of the strongest economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Even though the COVID-19 pandemic led to an enormous loss of revenue in the tourism sector and inflation is increasing because of Russia’s war of aggression on Ukraine, Tanzania’s economy is proving resilient.
The government is development oriented and committed to reducing corruption, increasing public revenue and improving health care and water supply. Initial successes can be seen, but so far it has not proved possible to achieve any tangible or sustained reduction in poverty. One reason for this is very high population growth. Over the last ten years, the country’s population has increased by almost 40 per cent and the average age is 18 years.
On the current Human Development Index (HDI) Tanzania ranks 160th out of 191 countries.
Tanzania and Germany enjoy good and amicable relations. For example, numerous partnerships exist between towns and cities, schools and church communities in the two countries.
German development cooperation with Tanzania
Tanzania and Germany have been engaged in development cooperation for many decades. At government negotiations in November 2022, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) made a new commitment of 87 million euros to Tanzania. This comprises 59 million euros in Financial Cooperation funding and 28 million euros in Technical Cooperation funding.
The core areas for this cooperation are:
- Conserving nature and natural resources, protecting life on Earth
Areas of intervention: Biodiversity, water
- Peaceful and inclusive societies
Area of intervention: Good governance
- Health, social protection and population policy
Areas of intervention: Social protection, population policy; sexual and reproductive health and rights
The BMZ is putting a feminist development policy imprint on all these areas. In addition to the bilateral cooperation, Tanzania also benefits from transnational projects, for instance in the areas of anti-poaching, marine conservation, integrated water resource management, fighting illegal financial flows and employment promotion.
Cooperation with Zanzibar
At the government negotiations in 2021, it was agreed that development cooperation with Zanzibar would be resumed. This semi-autonomous territory is characterised by political tensions, struggles for independence, sluggish economic development and enormous poverty.
Cooperation with Zanzibar was put on hold following undemocratic elections in 2015. In October 2020, Hussein Ali Mwinyi was elected as Zanzibar’s president. He formed a government of national unity together with Zanzibar's strongest opposition party and is pursuing a policy of balance and conciliation.
The German development ministry is making a contribution to stability and peace on the island group by financing climate-smart water supply and promoting people’s participation.
SDG trends for Tanzania
- On track or maintaining SDG achievement
- Moderately improving
- Trend information unavailable