Somalia State-building under very difficult circumstances
The state-building process is hampered by persistent conflicts between the central government and the federal states, clan rivalries and terrorist threats. The Islamist terrorist group al-Shabaab has control over vast parts of southern Somalia. In the north-west of the country, the region of Somaliland declared itself an independent republic in 1991; however, it is not recognised internationally.
Repeated natural disasters and the impacts of climate change are exacerbating the crisis. The country is experiencing its worst drought in 40 years. According to the United Nations, more than seven million people were facing food insecurity in June 2022 – that is almost half the country’s roughly 16 million inhabitants. Around 330,000 children were facing severe malnutrition. In the first quarter of 2022 alone, drought displaced more than half a million people from their homes.
The poor security situation and a steep rise in food and fuel prices as a result of the war in Ukraine are making it extremely challenging to provide humanitarian assistance for those affected.
German development cooperation with Somalia
Somalia is one of what are called “nexus and peace partners” of German development cooperation. The BMZ works with these countries to address the structural causes of conflict, displacement and violence. The aim of cooperation with Somalia is to give targeted support to Somali institutions and thereby help stabilise the country, build peace and create a better future for the people. The core areas of this cooperation are:
- Peaceful and inclusive societies
- Transformation of agricultural and food systems
- Sustainable economic development, training and employment
In 2020, the BMZ made 114 million euros available to Somalia; in 2021, commitments of 54.6 million euros were made. In response to the current drought emergency, the BMZ has increased the funding being provided for transitional development assistance and for the special initiatives “Displaced persons and host countries” and “Transformation of agricultural and food systems”.
SDG trends for Somalia
- On track or maintaining SDG achievement
- Moderately improving
- Trend information unavailable