Core area “Sustainable economic development, training and employment” Modern vocational training to give people better prospects

Vocational training and employment are important focus points for German development cooperation in Somalia with a view to reducing poverty and offering young people in particular a better future. Unemployment among young people in Somalia is currently extremely high.

Student with books in Jowhar, Somalia

Student with books in Jowhar, Somalia

Student with books in Jowhar, Somalia

Until the government system collapsed in 1991, Somalia had a well-developed vocational training sector. However, it was greatly weakened by the civil war. The curricula for existing training courses are often outdated and not in line with the needs of the labour market. There are too few qualified teachers and there is a lack of private sector involvement. In Somalia, that sector mainly consists of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs), which show little interest in vocational training.

German activities

In order to increase the availability of skilled workers, the BMZ is supporting the expansion and modernisation of the vocational training system. Furthermore, financing options for MSMEs are to be developed in order to enable them to make investments and create new jobs. By boosting economic development, it is hoped that the basis for government revenue will be broadened in the medium term, so that the state is better able to deliver the services that it is meant to provide.

A project under Technical Cooperation, co-financed by the European Union, started by analysing the employment and labour market situation in Somaliland, Puntland and Jubaland. A total of six vocational profiles have been identified for which practice-oriented training courses are to be offered in the future, including in the fields of agriculture, automotive mechatronics, building and construction, and media design. With German support, selected vocational training centres are being rehabilitated.

Under Financial Cooperation, the expansion or new construction and the equipping of three vocational training centres is being planned. These centres will also receive support for developing their own range of services that they can offer. Being able to thus generate revenue themselves is meant to enable them to become self-financing in the long term.

As at: 11/08/2022