Cotopaxi volcano (5897 metres) in Ecuador

Ecuador Public policies for good living

President Lenín Moreno, who has been in office since May 2017, has openly distanced himself from the policies of his predecessor, Rafael Correa, and has embarked on a moderate course geared towards international partnerships. His work is characterised by openness and readiness to engage in dialogue and to work together with the private sector and civil society.

However, Ecuador is in the midst of a serious economic crisis. The government has received a loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) amounting to 4.2 billion US dollars and has undertaken to cut public spending in return. The reduction of fuel subsidies introduced in the 1970s is part of the commitments.

Moreno therefore presented a corresponding austerity programme in October 2019, which included the cancellation of subsidies for gas, petrol and diesel. As a reaction to this, there were violent mass protests and confrontations with security forces throughout the country and especially in the capital Quito. Subsequently, the government agreed with representatives of the Confederation of Indigenous Peoples (CONAIE) to withdraw the controversial austerity decree and thus the cancellation of the above-mentioned subsidies. Further economic reforms are, however, considered necessary by the government.

Development cooperation

Germany is one of the largest bilateral donors in the field of development cooperation with Ecuador. This cooperation focuses on environmental protection and the conservation of natural resources, and on efforts in the area of governance, democracy and participation.

First Meeting of Andean Peoples and Nationalities for Sumak Kawsay in Ecuador in 2011

Ambitious development goals Internal link

The new constitution adopted in 2008 invokes the guiding principle of a firmly established concept in indigenous culture, sumak kawsay (a Kichwa expression meaning "good living", or "buen vivir" in Spanish).

Houses on a hill in Quito, Ecuador

Fewer people living in poverty Internal link

Ecuador is an upper-middle-income country. The government's reform policies of the last ten years have achieved some initial successes. There has been a marked drop in poverty and social inequality.

Warning sign in an oil production area in Ecuador

Great dependency on oil Internal link

The guiding vision for the Ecuadorian government is a solidarity-based economy that serves all of society. Another goal is environmentally sustainable economic development.

An approximately 100 year old Galapagos giant tortoise, Charles-Darwin research station on the island of Santa Cruz, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

Extraordinary biodiversity Internal link

Ecuador is one of the countries with the greatest biodiversity in the world. Compared with other countries, an exceptionally large part of Ecuador is given over to nature reserves. Some twenty per cent of its territory is officially protected.

German development cooperation with Ecuador

Germany is one of Ecuador's main bilateral donors. At the government negotiations held in October 2018, Germany committed 48.9 million euros in new funding for development cooperation, comprising 32.4 million euros for Financial Cooperation and 16.5 million euros for Technical Cooperation.

German support focuses on two priorities:

  • Protecting the environment and natural resources
  • Governance, democracy and participation

In addition, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) contributes to an innovation fund that is used, among other things, to finance pilot projects in the area of vocational education. Support is also being provided to a programme to prevent violence against women.

Moreover, Ecuador is part of several regional programmes under Germany's development cooperation. For example, a regional project of the special initiative on displacement addresses the Venezuelan refugee problem on the northern border with Colombia. The aim is to enable state and civil society actors in the border region to receive and care for refugees and migrants in a socially acceptable and employment-effective manner.

In the field of non-governmental cooperation, the BMZ finances measures by civil society and church organisations on a large scale.

Mountain toucan in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador

Conserving biodiversity, increasing climate action Internal link

The BMZ supports the efforts of the Ecuadorian government to conserve the country's extraordinary biodiversity and to achieve its ambitious climate targets.

Independence Square in Quito, Ecuador

Fostering good governance Internal link

The constitution adopted in 2008 provides for the restructuring of territorial divisions and the reform of administrative structures.

A carpet seller at the market of Otavalo, Ecuador

A carpet seller at the market of Otavalo, Ecuador

A carpet seller at the market of Otavalo, Ecuador