A man is sitting at an irrigation canal near Qena on the Nile, Egypt.

Background New biodiversity targets for 2030

The most important international agreement on biodiversity is the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). It entered into force in 1993. So far, 196 countries (including the EU) have acceded to the Convention (as at April 2022). In the second half of 2022, the parties to the Convention will be meeting in Kunming, China, in order to give direction to their joint implementation of the Convention for the period up to 2030 through a new Global Biodiversity Framework.

In 2010, the 10th Conference of the Parties took place in Nagoya, Japan. The Strategic Plan (External link) adopted there contained 20 specific global biodiversity conservation targets (Aichi Targets) that were to be achieved by 2020. However, the results have been sobering: not one of the 20 targets has been fully achieved, and only six have been partially achieved.

At COP-15 in Kunming, the parties to the Convention want to adopt a new Global Biodiversity Framework through which they commit themselves to implementing the Convention in the course of the next ten years. The conference had to be postponed twice due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It is now to be held in the second half of 2022. It is expected that the conference will bring about a breakthrough in worldwide biodiversity conservation on a par with the achievements of the Paris climate conference of 2015. The conference is hoped to help reverse trends so that the world embarks on a path towards nature-friendly economies and societies.

A first draft (External link) sets out four long-term goals for 2050 and 20 action-oriented targets for 2030. The parties still need to resolve many open questions, such as the level of financial resources to be dedicated to biodiversity conservation and the identification of appropriate measures for monitoring and reporting on national activities.


Core area of German development policy

In the negotiations on the Global Biodiversity Framework, the German government has been calling for

  • placing 30 per cent of the world's land and sea areas under protection,
  • making global supply chains and our consumption patterns more sustainable,
  • enhancing awareness of the importance of biodiversity for global sustainable development,
  • using biodiversity sustainably and ensuring that developing countries will financially benefit from such use,
  • restoring destroyed and degraded ecosystems,
  • ensuring that biodiversity conservation and climate action are addressed in combination, and
  • giving attention to human rights and to the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities in all biodiversity conservation efforts.

Biodiversity conservation is a core area of Germany's development policy. The BMZ is already supporting the conservation of over 650 protected areas covering a total area of more than two million square kilometres – an area six times the size of Germany.

Since 2013, the BMZ has been providing more than 400 million euros a year in support of the conservation and sustainable use of forests, oceans, wetlands and other ecosystems.

In 2021, the BMZ increased its investments in conserving biodiversity to 600 million euros, an all-time high. This means that the German government is one of the biggest donors for biodiversity conservation worldwide. With that funding, the BMZ finances a large number of projects and initiatives that help to protect the world's vital natural resources.

German biodiversity conservation activities

Black lechwe in Bangweulu Wetlands National Park, Zambia

Legacy Landscapes Fund Internal link

Three quarters of the most biodiverse regions in the world are in developing countries and emerging economies. Many countries lack the financial resources to fund the protection of these areas. The Legacy Landscapes Fund closes this financial gap.

Oceanic whitetip shark in company of some pilot fish

Blue Action Fund Internal link

The aim of the Blue Action Fund is to improve protection of the world's oceans and coasts and thereby stem the dramatic loss of marine biodiversity. Local development is to be fostered and sustainable lifestyles are to be promoted.

Elephant at a waterhole in Khaudum National Park in Namibia

Partnership against wildlife crime in Africa and Asia Internal link

Effective suppression of poaching and the illegal trade in wildlife products requires a coordinated approach by policymakers, civil society and the private sector across continents and national borders.

Logo: ABS Initiative

ABS Initiative Internal link

Since 2006, the Access and Benefit-Sharing Capacity Development Initiative (ABS Initiative) has supported the negotiation process for a binding international legal framework for the implementation of the third objective of the Convention on Biological Diversity – the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of natural resources.

Mangrove forest in India

Save Our Mangroves Now Internal link

Mangrove forests are vitally important for the climate, biodiversity and food security. In order to improve the protection of these valuable plants and their habitats, the BMZ has launched the initiative “Save Our Mangroves Now!”

As at: 15/06/2022