A worker checks a solar installation on a roof in Santiago de Chile.

NDC Partnership

In the Paris climate agreement, almost all the countries of the world have committed to limit the rise in global temperatures to well below two, and preferably 1.5, degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to adapt to the consequences of climate change.

Logo: NDC Partnership
Logo: NDC Partnership

Industrialised countries, developing countries and emerging economies made a joint commitment for the first time to define what action they would take towards achieving those goals; these plans are known as the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). In them, countries set out their plans for cutting greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to climate change.

Since the NDCs are at the very heart of the Paris Agreement, the aim is for them to be made increasingly ambitious over time and bring the international community closer to achieving the goals of the agreement. The parties to the agreement have therefore committed to submit new, improved NDCs every five years, starting in 2020. The current NDCs do not go far enough to allow the Paris climate goals to be reached. So these current plans need to be implemented quickly but they also need to be made increasingly ambitious.

To help move forward implementation of the NDCs in line with the development goals of the 2030 Agenda, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) joined together in 2016 with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and other partners to establish the global NDC Partnership.

The NDC Partnership at a glance

Still from the video "NDC Partnership"

Video NDC Partnership: A brief overview

The NDC Partnership (External link) brings together industrialised countries, emerging economies and developing countries with regional organisations, UN institutions, multilateral development banks and non-governmental organisations. 

The aim of the Partnership is to help member countries better align their climate and development agendas with each other and to work on achieving them in a coordinated way with the help of bilateral and multilateral donor programmes.

The Partnership therefore focuses on three fields of activity:

  • improving access to technical support for NDC implementation
  • facilitating access to financing for NDC implementation
  • enhancing knowledge management through the dissemination of analytical and advisory instruments.

The NDC Partnership enables knowledge and experience to be shared both within countries and internationally. So when particular approaches prove successful, they can rapidly be rolled out elsewhere.

The Paris climate agreement set 2020 as the first deadline for submission of updated NDCs. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it has taken many countries until 2021. The NDC Partnership has supported and will continue to support developing countries and emerging economies with this process.

German activities

Solar park Soroti in Uganda

Solar park Soroti in Uganda

Solar park Soroti in Uganda

Germany supports the NDC Partnership both financially and politically. Since the Partnership’s launch, the German government has provided it with over 500 million euros in support. This sum includes approximately 15 million euros for the Partnership secretariat and 17 million for the Climate Action Enhancement Package (CAEP), a special programme to raise the ambition of NDCs.

Since 2019, CAEP has supported 67 countries in revising their NDCs to make them more ambitious. Now, despite some delays due to the COVID-19 pandemic, 38 countries have submitted new or updated NDCs thanks to the support they have received through CAEP.

Countries across the world have planned, or are already implementing, economic stimulus packages totalling around 10 trillion US dollars in response to the COVID-19 crisis. It is important to ensure that these economic stimulus packages contribute to the goals of the Paris agreement and that they make the world more resilient to future crises. This is another area in which the NDC Partnership is supporting its member countries. In June 2020 it launched the Economic Advisory Initiative. This initiative is sending economic advisors to finance and planning ministries in a total of 34 member countries to help make their national economic stimulus packages climate-sensitive and climate-resilient. The German government is providing direct support in 25 of these countries through its various implementing organisations.

Maintenance work on a wind turbine

Maintenance work on a wind turbine

Maintenance work on a wind turbine

The BMZ is also funding a number of projects and programmes being implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and international organisations such as the World Bank Group (External link), the World Resources Institute (External link) (WRI) and the United Nations Development Programme (External link) (UNDP).

In this way, countries such as Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Honduras, Kenya, Namibia and Pakistan and also regional initiatives in the Pacific and Caribbean regions have been helped both to implement their NDCs and also, in some cases, to revise them and raise their ambition before the submission deadline for revised NDCs in 2020.

Kenya: A group of farmers in Kirinyaga show the spot on the river bank where water is diverted from a river to the fields of the Mitooini farmers' cooperative.

Kenya: Cooperation in action Tackling water shortages and droughts Internal link

Kenya has been severely affected by the impacts of climate change. Economic losses due to crop failure and dwindling herds have a devastating impact on communities that are already vulnerable. Under the NDC Partnership, the BMZ is supporting the implementation of Kenya's National Climate Change Action Plan.

Diesel power plant plus solar-photovoltaic and battery hybrid plant on the archipelago of St. Vincent and the Grenadines

The Pacific and Caribbean regions: Cooperation in action Addressing climate change in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) Internal link

Small Island Developing States are particularly vulnerable to climate change. With German support, initiatives in the Pacific and the Eastern Caribbean are assisting island states with the implementation and updating of their NDCs.

A motorboat driving through the port of Khulna, Bangladesh

Bangladesh: Cooperation in action Reviving Bangladesh’s inland waterways  Internal link

People in Bangladesh live on the front lines of climate change and the country is showing real leadership in developing a low-carbon and resilient economy, with a focus on the transport sector. That sector is crucial for the country’s export-led growth.

Workshop on Green Bonds with UNDP representatives in Côte d'Ivoire

Côte d’Ivoire: Cooperation in action Green Bonds – a possible contribution to NDC implementation Internal link

In view of the many climate challenges Côte d'Ivoire is facing, green bonds are emerging as an effective financial instrument for the implementation of its NDC.

Background How NDC support works in member countries

The NDC Partnership has 196 members (as at August 2021): 114 countries, 44 international organisations and development banks and 38 associated members (including research institutes, international partnerships and associations operating worldwide). It is supported by a secretariat (“Support Unit”) with offices at the WRI in Washington D.C. and the UNFCCC Secretariat in Bonn.

When a country joins the NDC Partnership, it can ask the Support Unit to help it in implementing and further developing its NDC. Next, the member country agrees with donors, development banks and implementing agencies working on the ground on what exact form cooperation will take, for example technical advice or capacity building. Non-governmental partners such as NGOs, the academic community or the private sector are also involved.

Solar kiosque in Talek, Kenya

Solar kiosque in Talek, Kenya

Solar kiosque in Talek, Kenya

For NDCs to be implemented, the climate goals need to be “translated” into concrete policies, public budgets and investment plans. That applies to individual sectors, like energy or water, and at various sub-national levels, like regions and local authorities. The key aim is to ensure that investments help the country concerned achieve a climate-neutral and climate-resilient transformation and that any additional investment made in climate action also promotes sustainable development for the people on the ground.

The NDC Partnership also helps to maintain a continuous exchange of knowledge and experience throughout this process. This fosters peer learning and knowledge sharing with all members.

The NDC Partnership is now engaged in this form of in-country work with 79 member countries and three regional initiatives. Other countries have also lodged requests for assistance.

BMZ publications

Cover NDC Partnership

NDC Partnership for the global implementation of national climate contributions

File type PDF | Date of status 11/2021 | File size 308 KB, Pages 2 Pages

BMZ videos

Still from the video message from the then Parliamentary State Secretary Dr Maria Flachsbarth

The important role played by the NDC partnership in implementing the Paris agreement

Video message from former Parliamentary State Secretary Dr Maria Flachsbarth

Still from the video "NDC Partnership Fiji"

NDP Partnership in action: Fiji

Fiji is one of the countries most severely affected by climate change. Through the Regional Pacific NDC Hub, the NDC Partnership is helping this small island in the Pacific to develop roadmaps for implementing and funding its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDCs).

Still from the video "NDC Partnership Uganda"

NDC Partnership in action: Uganda

In June 2018, Uganda became the first African country to submit an NDC Partnership Plan, outlining the country’s priorities with regard to implementing the Paris agreement. This helped to improve coordination and cooperation with Uganda’s national and international partners.

Still from the video "NDC knowledge portal"

NDC Partnership Knowledge Portal

The NDC Partnership Knowledge Portal helps countries achieve their climate goals by giving them quick and easy access to data, instruments, guidance, good practices and funding opportunities.