Plane at the Leopold Sedar Senghor airport in Dakar, Senegal, with the African Renaissance monument in the background

Senegal A reform-oriented and politically stable country

Located in the extreme west of Africa, Senegal has a long democratic tradition and is politically stable. Since the country's independence in 1960 it has enjoyed uninterrupted civilian rule and has a constitution enshrining the rule of law. Government policies are geared towards addressing matters in a practical fashion and carrying out reforms. Senegal pursues active peace efforts and pan-African efforts, which makes the country an important stabilising force in the region and for the entire continent.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a severe impact on Senegal's economy. The government is endeavouring to give fresh impetus to the economy with an economic stimulus programme. The United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) currently ranks the Republic of Senegal 168th out of 189 countries. Power shortages, food crises, strong population growth and high unemployment are constraining the country's development.

Senegal's land area almost completely encloses its relatively small neighbour Gambia, which, like a wedge, divides Senegal into a northern part and a smaller southern part. In the southern region, Casamance, political and economic isolation has led to the emergence of an independence movement. Over three decades, there were repeated violent clashes. In the past few years, tensions have eased. And in 2012 a truce was agreed, which has largely held.

Current situation

Two women on the coast near Dakar

Two women on the coast near Dakar

Two women on the coast near Dakar

German development cooperation with Senegal

See also
Vocational school in Ghana

A long history of development cooperation links Germany and Senegal. In November 2019, Senegal became what we refer to as a "reform partner" in German development cooperation. The reform partnerships are Germany's contribution to the G20 Compact with Africa initiative. They are intended to improve the environment for private investment and thus create more employment. 

Sustainable economic development is therefore one of the core areas of Senegalese-German development cooperation. Activities in this area also focus on governance, with the aim of laying the groundwork for an administration that is more transparent and effective. A further core area of development cooperation is renewable energy and energy efficiency.

In 2021, the German Development Ministry (BMZ) approved funding totalling 141 million euros for development with Senegal.

Senegal's COVID-19 relief programme, PRES 

German Development Minister Gerd Müller visited the Institut Pasteur de Dakar on 17 June 2021 to hold talks on the future production of Corona vaccines.

Fighting the pandemic Minister Müller and Institut Pasteur fire starter pistol for the establishment of COVID-19 vaccine production capacity in Africa  Internal link

18 June 2021 |

Yesterday Minister Gerd Müller visited the Institut Pasteur de Dakar to discuss the future production of COVID-19 vaccines.

In order to soften the impact of the social and economic fallout from the COVID-19 crisis, the German government is providing 100 million euros (committed in 2020) in budget support for Senegal's "Programme de Résilience Économique et Sociale" (PRES). The focus of Germany's support under this programme is on measures that aid the most fragile and most severely affected sectors of Senegal's economy, in particular micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. The German side is also pushing for an efficient and transparent implementation of the programme.


Since 2017, Senegal has been a target country for the BMZ programme on migration and development. Advice is being provided on matters such as cooperation with the Senegalese diaspora, migration issues and business start-up programmes. In early 2018, a migration advice centre was opened in Dakar. Together with local projects under German development cooperation, the centre is helping returning migrants to acquire vocational training and find jobs.

Al Azhar Excellence Centre for Further Education in Mbao, Senegal

Core area "Sustainable economic development" Creating jobs and fostering private investments Internal link

The overarching goals of the Senegalese-German reform partnership are the creation of jobs, the development of the private sector and better training for the workforce. Assistance is also to be provided to informal-sector small-scale enterprises as they move to the formal sector with the help of a more efficient administration.

Street lighting through a solar-powered mini power grid in a village in Senegal

Core area "Renewable energy and energy efficiency" Climate-friendly and reliable power supply Internal link

A shortage of energy is one of the main constraints to development in Senegal. Only around 40 percent of the country's rural population has access to an electric power supply. In order to foster stable economic development for the rural population in particular, Germany is helping to improve access in such areas to safe, reliable and climate-friendly energy.