Nature conservation and biodiversity Creating, safeguarding and extending protected areas
However, many areas that play a key part in the conservation of global species diversity do not yet have protected status. Almost 40 per cent of all Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) currently have no formal protection.
The challenges include the lack of ecological corridors to link protected areas, the limited acceptance of protected areas by local communities and poaching by heavily armed groups of organised criminals.
New Global Biodiversity Framework
A new Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) is due to be agreed at the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, which is expected to be held in China at the end of 2021. Germany is urging the formulation of ambitious targets for the extent and quality of protected areas. As a member of the High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People (External link), Germany supports the aim of placing 30 per cent of the Earth’s land area and oceans under protection by 2030.
New financing schemes
The BMZ has already contributed 80 million euros to the foundation capital of the Blue Action Fund (External link), which was founded by Germany in 2016. Other contributors to the Fund are Sweden, France and the European Union. The Blue Action Fund is now one of the largest marine conservation funds in the world.