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Côte d’Ivoire

Opening ripe cocoa fruits at the PRO-PLANTEURS cooperative, an initiative for sustainable cocoa production in Adzopé, Côte d'Ivoire

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Overview

Reform partner in West Africa

Côte d'Ivoire (often still referred to as "Ivory Coast") is one of West Africa's economic powerhouses. It is the world's biggest cocoa producer and a major exporter of coffee, cashew nuts, palm oil and rubber.

The last 25 years were marked by political crises, armed conflicts and ethnic tensions, which disrupted the country's development and put it decades behind. The after-effects can still be felt to this day. Côte d'Ivoire now faces the task of achieving political and social stability and ensuring that all segments of the population, especially the poor and socially disadvantaged, benefit from the economic growth that is taking place.

Development cooperation

Germany has been engaged in development cooperation with Côte d'Ivoire since 1975. Between 2002 and 2011, because of the political instablility that the West African country was experiencing, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) temporarily restricted bilateral cooperation activities. Since then these activities have gradually been resumed.

In 2017, Germany concluded a Reform Partnership with Côte d'Ivoire. Reform partnerships are an important component of the Marshall Plan with Africa and are Germany's bilateral contribution to the G20 Compact with Africa initiative. The focus of the partnership with Côte d'Ivoire is on renewable energies and energy efficiency. A second priority area of cooperation has also been agreed: rural economic development and conserving biodiversity.

Straight to

Development data for Côte d'Ivoire

  • Aerial view of Abidjan, the largest city of Côte d’Ivoire
    Political situation

    Striving to achieve stability and development

    Since the armed conflict ended in 2011, Côte d'Ivoire has made huge strides in terms of political development: free and peaceful elections have been held, a new constitution has been adopted, and progress has been achieved in the area of good governance, with transparency and effectiveness improving.

  • Young Ivorians in the ASEC Mimosas football club in Abidjan
    Social situation

    Big differences between the North and the South

    Côte d’Ivoire may be one of West Africa's biggest economies, but the majority of its people have no share in the country's economic success.

  • Children in front of a warehouse of a cocoa cooperative in Côte d'Ivoire
    Economic situation

    The role of cocoa in the economy

    Côte d’Ivoire's agricultural sector is very highly developed. Its market share of 40 per cent means that the country is the biggest cocoa producer in the world.

Aerial view of Abidjan, the largest city of Côte d’Ivoire
Political situation

Striving to achieve stability and development

Since the armed conflict ended in 2011, Côte d’Ivoire has made huge strides in terms of political development: free and peaceful elections have been held, a new constitution has been adopted, and progress has been achieved in the area of good governance, with transparency and effectiveness improving. The economy has recovered markedly.

However, the war-torn country is still very much at the start of its journey towards democracy and the rule of law. Politically and socially, Côte d’Ivoire is a deeply divided country.

The need for reform remains huge and the danger of conflicts being reignited still lingers.

The government's ambitious plans are for Côte d’Ivoire to achieve emerging economy status by 2020.

On the current United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) it is ranked 170th out of the 189 countries assessed.

Huge political challenges

Important tasks facing the government are continuing with the reconciliation process, rebuilding the country's economy, achieving a more equitable distribution of state revenues, creating more jobs, reducing poverty, reforming the judicial system, integrating ex-combatants from civil war militias into the regular armed forces and fighting widespread corruption.

No constructive dialogue has yet begun between the opposing political camps, and the human rights violations that occurred during the years of civil war have not yet been fully investigated and prosecuted. The country also needs to establish an effective separation of powers, which presupposes a strong parliament with strong opposition parties and an independent judiciary, together with free media and mechanisms for resolving social conflict.

Young Ivorians in the ASEC Mimosas football club in Abidjan
Social situation

Big differences between the North and the South

Côte d'Ivoire may be one of West Africa's biggest economies, but the majority of its people have no share in the country's economic success. Almost half of the roughly 24 million inhabitants are living below the national poverty line; a fifth of the population is undernourished. Life expectancy is just 54 years. Poverty is much higher in rural regions than in the towns and cities, and far higher in the north of the country than in the south.

Deficits in education and health

Progress has been made on improving education and health, however the government is still investing too little in providing basic services for the people. The illiteracy rate is 56 per cent (63 per cent for women). According to figures from the World Bank, only 86 per cent of children are enrolled in school and only 73 per cent finish primary school. Child labour is widespread, especially in the country's cocoa plantations.

Barely half of the Ivorian population has access to piped drinking water and the situation with regard to basic sanitary facilities is even worse. In January 2019, the government announced a social policy initiative which will include providing better health care for particularly poor families, building social housing, and improving access to water and electricity.

Population growth

Efforts to combat poverty are being hampered by the high birth rate. The Ivorian population is currently growing at a rate of 2.5 per cent a year; more than 40 per cent of Ivorians are younger than 15 years old. The population is now seven times what it was when the country gained independence in 1960.

Women's rights

Women's rights are enshrined in Côte d'Ivoire's constitution. However, there are still legal provisions in place that discriminate against women, especially with regard to family law, and inheritance and land rights. Although female genital mutilation is prohibited by law, it is still widely practised, especially in the northern part of the country.

In order to improve women's political participation, a law was adopted in March 2019 decreeing that, in future, 30 per cent of candidates for parliamentary, regional and municipal elections must be female. Currently, the proportion of women in the national assembly is eleven per cent.

Children in front of a warehouse of a cocoa cooperative in Côte d'Ivoire
Economic situation

The role of cocoa in the economy

Côte d’Ivoire's agricultural sector is very highly developed. Its market share of 40 per cent means that the country is the biggest cocoa producer in the world. Other important agricultural commodities are cashew nuts, palm oil, rubber, cotton and coffee. Furthermore, the country also has mineral resources such as oil, gas, gold, manganese and nickel.

About a third of the population depends on the cultivation of cocoa to earn a living. Although the government has set a fixed price for cocoa, the strong influence exerted by corporate interests and the lack of political oversight mean that farmers rarely see all of that money. In addition, only a small fraction of the cocoa harvested in Côte d’Ivoire is also processed there, so that the country misses out on a large part of the added value.

Improving business climate

Following the political crisis in 2011, Côte d’Ivoire's economy shrank by 4.4 per cent. The situation has now stabilised. In 2017, the economy grew by 7.7 per cent; the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is predicting economic growth of around seven per cent for the period up to 2020.

The government is striving to increase domestic revenues and strengthen the private sector. The World Bank's Doing Business Index, which analyses the business climate in 190 countries, shows that Côte d’Ivoire has made continuous progress over the last few years, moving steadily up the rankings (2017: 142nd, 2018: 139th, 2019: 122nd).

Environmental situation

Côte d’Ivoire's economic success is based on constant expansion of the land used for agriculture. Studies have shown that about four-fifths of the country's forests have been cleared to make way for agriculture. About 30 per cent of the cocoa grown is planted illegally in protected forests. The Ivorian government has announced a legal reform intended to prevent this situation re-occurring.

In addition, in 2017, the most important companies operating in the cocoa and chocolate industries launched the initiative "Cacao et forêt" (in English: cocoa and forest). The initiative aims to put an end to cocoa being grown on protected forest land in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana.

Video: Achieving a sustainably thriving cocoa sector

German development cooperation with Côte d’Ivoire

Following the restriction of development cooperation during the crisis in Côte d’Ivoire between 2002 and 2011, Germany is now once more engaged in close cooperation with the country.

The West African nation is one of the first countries with which the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) agreed to set up one of its "reform partnerships". At the heart of this particular partnership are efforts to expand the use of renewable energies and improve energy efficiency.

Another focus of German-Ivorian cooperation is rural economic development and preserving biodiversity.

Furthermore, Germany is also supporting projects to strengthen the health system, and projects concerned with family planning and HIV prevention.

In 2017, the BMZ committed a total of 156 million euros for its cooperation with Côte d’Ivoire, with 100 million euros of that amount being allocated under the Reform Partnership. In 2018, a further commitment of 18.9 million euros was made.

The West African country also benefits from support provided under several regional projects. These projects include measures to improve electricity transmission and efforts to increase transparency in the extractive sector.

Waterfall near Man, Côte d'Ivoire
The Reform Partnership

Renewable energies and energy efficiency

In 2017, Germany and Côte d’Ivoire concluded a Reform Partnership within the framework of the G20 Compact with Africa initiative. The aim of the G20 initiative is to improve the general environment for the private sector and to promote high-quality training, with a view to creating jobs and generating income. The BMZ chose Côte d’Ivoire for a reform partnership because of the political progress that the country has made since 2011 and its government's reform-oriented economic policies.

Reliable energy supply, climate protection, new jobs

In accordance with its national development plan (2016 to 2020), the Ivorian government has listed the following as its priority areas for the Compact with Africa: agriculture, mining, infrastructure and electricity. The focus of the German-Ivorian reform partnership is on increasing the use of renewable energies and improving energy efficiency. Efforts to expand and modernise the electricity grid and generate additional electricity via privately operated solar installations and micro-hydropower plants will also be supported. A new guarantee mechanism will make it easier for local financial institutions to grant loans to businesses wishing to invest in renewable energies.

In order to back up these measures, Germany is supporting the compilation of market and needs studies, providing advice on reforming the electricity and finance sectors, and helping to improve vocational training in the fields of solar energy and increased efficiency. The reform partnership is to be expanded in the future to include governance components, such as fighting corruption and mobilising state revenues. In addition, there is to be even closer collaboration with partners such as the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the World Bank.

Support for concrete reform steps

At the end of 2017, a first commitment of 100 million euros was made (85 million euros as a loan, 10 million euros as a grant under Financial cooperation and 5 million euros for Technical Cooperation). In 2018, a further 8.9 million euros was committed for vocational training measures. Disbursement of the funds is dependent on the partner country carrying out specified reforms. Whether the agreed progress has been achieved is reviewed as part of a regular dialogue.

Quality control of cocoa beans at the cooperative PRO-PLANTEURS
Priority area "Rural economic development and biodiversity"

Increasing production, preserving biodiversity

The aim of cooperation in this priority area is, firstly, to improve the production, processing and marketing methods used by small farmers and thus significantly increase the incomes of the rural population. Secondly, protected areas and their biodiversity are to be preserved.

Training for farmers

In the areas bordering on Taï and Comoé national parks, Germany is supporting the establishment and expansion of value chains for cocoa, cassava, cashew nuts and vegetables. About 55,000 producers and farmers have so far received training in sustainable farming practices and technological innovations. They have been able to increase their incomes by about ten per cent. A further 13,000 cashew and cocoa producers have received further training thanks to development partnerships with the private sector (PPPs), and relations between farmers and the companies they supply have been formalised in new business models.

The management of the protected areas has been professionalised with German support. About 5,000 hectares of forest in Taï National Park, which had been impacted by illegal cocoa cultivation, have been restored. As a result of the successful efforts to protect Comoé National Park, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee was able to take it off its List of World Heritage in Danger in 2017.

Sustainable cocoa production

The BMZ is also supporting the programme PRO-PLANTEURS via the Sustainable Cocoa Forum. The programme supports some 20,000 family-run cocoa farms and their cooperatives in the south-eastern regions of Côte d'Ivoire. Furthermore, within the framework of the BMZ's special initiative 'ONE WORLD - No Hunger', a Green Innovation Centre is being set up.

Minister Müller visiting a cocoa plantation in Côte d’Ivoire
Important steps towards sustainable cocoa

Map of Côte d’Ivoire

This map does not necessarily reflect the official position of the German government in terms of international law.

Development facts and figures

  Côte d’Ivoire Data for Germany
Country namea16180138 Côte d'Ivoire Federal Republic of Germany
Capitala16180110 Yamoussoukro, 800,000 inhabitants (seat of government); economic capital and by far the largest city is Abidjan with around 4.5 million inhabitants Berlin, 3.7 million inhabitants
Surface areaa16180096 322,460 sq km (2018) 357,580 sq km (2018)
Ranking Human Development Index (HDI)a16180124 170 of 189 (2017) 5 of 189 (2017)
http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.SRF.TOTL.K2

Surface area

Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.

http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/

Ranking Human Development Index (HDI)

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) publishes a Human Development Report once a year. The Human Development Index (HDI) contained in the Report records average figures for a country in fundamentally important fields of human development. These include, for example, life expectancy at birth, level of education and per capita income. From a large number of such individual indicators a ranking is calculated. Using this ranking it is possible to establish the average development status of a particular country.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.RUR.TOTL.ZS

Population living in rural areas (% of total)

Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.LE00.IN

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.65UP.TO.ZS

Population ages 65 and above (% of total)

 

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.0014.TO.ZS

Population ages 0-14 (% of total)

 

http://www.bmz.de/en/index.html

Volume of German development cooperation

Funds for development cooperation (Technical and Financial Cooperation) committed by the Federal Republic of Germany under intergovernmental agreements.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.ODA.ODAT.CD

Total amount of ODA received

Net official development assistance (ODA) consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent). Data are in current U.S. dollars.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.ODA.ODAT.PC.ZS

Amount of ODA received per capita

Net official development assistance (ODA) per capita consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients; and is calculated by dividing net ODA received by the midyear population estimate. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent). Data are in current U.S. dollars.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SN.ITK.DEFC.ZS

Undernutrition

Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.NAHC

Population living below the national poverty line (% of total)

National poverty rate is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.DDAY

Population living in absolute poverty (% of total)

The percentage of the population living on less than 1.90 US dollars a day at 2011 international prices. The World Bank last changed the definition of this poverty line in October 2015. Previously, it was defined as the percentage of the population living on less than 1.25 US dollars a day at 2005 international prices. Five countries (Bangladesh, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Jordan and Laos) still use this older definition.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.PRM.CMPT.ZS

Children who complete primary school (% of total)

Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by taking the total number of students in the last grade of primary school, minus the number of repeaters in that grade, divided by the total number of children of official graduation age.

When using this method of calculation the result may be greater than 100 per cent for some countries. This just means that the number of children completing their primary school education in that particular school year was higher than the number of children who were of official school leaving age.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.PRM.NENR

Proportion of school age children attending primary school

Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.ADT.LITR.ZS

Literacy rate

Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.XPD.TOTL.GD.ZS

Public spending on education

Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.PRM.ENRL.TC.ZS

Number of pupils per teacher at primary school level

Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.H2O.SAFE.ZS

Percentage of the population with sustainable access to safe drinking water

Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.IMM.IDPT

Immunization, diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (DPT) (% of children ages 12-23 months)

Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.ACSN

Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)

Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.SMSS.ZS

People using safely managed sanitation services (% of population)

The percentage of people using improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated offsite. Improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush to piped sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines: ventilated improved pit latrines, compositing toilets or pit latrines with slabs.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.BRTC.ZS

Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)

Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.ANVC.ZS

Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)

Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.DYN.MORT

Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.MMRT

Number of mothers who die during pregnancy or childbirth (per 100,000 live births)

Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.DYN.AIDS.ZS

HIV/AIDS prevalence among the 15-49 age group

Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.GHED.GD.ZS

Domestic general government health expenditure (% of GDP)

Public expenditure on health from domestic sources as a share of the economy as measured by GDP.

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.H2O.SMDW.ZS

People using safely managed drinking water services (% of population)

The percentage of people using drinking water from an improved source that is accessible on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination. Improved water sources include piped water, boreholes or tubewells, protected dug wells, protected springs, and packaged or delivered water.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IS.ROD.PAVE.ZS

Roads, paved (% of total roads)

Paved roads are those surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country's roads, measured in length.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IT.NET.USER.ZS

Individuals using the Internet (% of population)

Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IS.VEH.PCAR.P3

Passenger cars (per 1,000 people)

Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver).

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IT.CEL.SETS.P2

Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)

Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provide access to the public switched telephone network. Post-paid and prepaid subscriptions are included.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.AGRI.ZS

Land under cultivation (% of total land area)

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ER.LND.PTLD.ZS

Land classified as conservation areas (% of total land area)

Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.FRST.ZS

Forested land (% of total land area)

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.ATM.CO2E.PC

Level of carbon emissions per capita (in tons)

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.USE.ELEC.KH.PC

Power consumption per inhabitant

Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.AGR.EMPL.ZS

Jobs in agriculture (% of total)

Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.IMP.CONS.ZS

Energy imports (% of total energy consumption)

Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.TLF.0714.ZS

Child labour (% of children aged 7 to 14)

Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.UEM.TOTL.ZS

Unemployment rate

Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/BX.KLT.DINV.CD.WD

Foreign direct investment, net inflows (BoP, current US$)

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors. Data are in current U.S. Dollars.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.DOD.DECT.CD

Total foreign debt

Total external debt is debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNP.ATLS.CD

GNI (current US$)

GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNP.PCAP.CD

GNI per capita (current US$)

GNI per capita (formerly GNP per capita) is the gross national income, converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divided by the midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.EXP.GNFS.ZS

Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)

Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.IMP.GNFS.ZS

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/FP.CPI.TOTL.ZG

Inflation

Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.TDS.DECT.EX.ZS

Debt service as percentage of exports of goods and services and net income from abroad

Total debt service is the sum of principal repayments and interest actually paid in foreign currency, goods, or services on long-term debt, interest paid on short-term debt, and repayments (repurchases and charges) to the IMF. Exports of goods and services includes income and workers' remittances.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NV.IND.TOTL.ZS

Industry, value added (% of GDP)

Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NV.AGR.TOTL.ZS

Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NV.SRV.TOTL.ZS

Services, value added (% of GDP)

Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG

GDP growth (annual %)

Annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources

Hotel Président in the Ivorian capital Yamoussoukro

Further information

A selection of links with further development-related background information on Côte d’Ivoire.

BMZ glossary

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