Pillar 2

Peace, security and stability

Click here to download the full draft (as at January 2017, PDF, 1.3 MB).

Where are we now? Where do we want to go?

Peace and security are key to development and economic growth. War and violence can destroy in just a few weeks what has been built up over many years. In 2015, they resulted in the forced displacement of some 20 million people (UNHCR, 2016). No one wants to invest in an area where shots are being fired. Conflicts often arise out of competition for commodities. That makes Africa's resource wealth both a blessing and a curse. This is compounded by the growing threat posed by violent extremism, often fuelled by ostensibly religious convictions.

The African Union identified peace and security as central aims in its Constitutive Act and it reconfirmed that commitment in its Agenda 2063. It has established a peace and security architecture that encompasses a Peace and Security Council for Africa, an early warning mechanism and the African Standby Force. These institutions, and Africa's crisis diplomacy, have already helped Africa to contain many violent conflicts.

And yet, compared with its military capacities, Africa's civil capacities remain underdeveloped. What is lacking is a joined-up approach, human resources, administrative capacities and appropriate staff training. That means that more support is needed. The aim is for Africa, the African Union and its regional organisations to be capable of resolving conflicts and crises themselves.

Our vision has already been formulated in the AU strategy: "a peaceful and secure Africa".

Fatalities from conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa in 2015
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Fatalities from conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa in 2015

What needs to happen?


  • Expand the security architecture of the AU and African regional organisations
  • Provide substantial contributions to ensure funding for an African peace and security policy
  • Strengthen civilian oversight exercised by the national authorities responsible for security


  • Boost prevention: continue support for the establishment of African security structures, particularly mediation, early warning systems and peace consolidation
  • Systematically implement the German government's forthcoming "Guidelines on Crisis Engagement and Peacebuilding" in Africa
  • Develop proposals for security partnerships
  • Launch an enable and enhance initiative to improve skills of security forces


  • Propose an "EU-Africa Peace and Security Partnership" for the 2017 EU-Africa Summit
  • Continue the EU’s African Peace Facility until 2020, mobilising funding from sources other than the European Development Fund and systematically increasing the share devoted to building civil capacities
  • After 2020, establish a dedicated EU funding instrument to expand military capacities and fund peace operations
  • Achieve effective and reliable burden-sharing between the AU and the United Nations on funding African-led peace operations
  • Launch a diplomatic conflict resolution initiative
  • Take a broader and more substantial approach in post-conflict situations that includes economic and employment aspects so as to generate a faster peace dividend
  • Support faith communities in their peace-promoting role
  • Expand the International Partnership on Religion and Sustainable Development
  • Cease arms exports to crisis areas and improve controls of small arms trade

continue to Pillar 3

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