Chapter 2.2

New rules of cooperation

Click here to download the full draft (as at January 2017, PDF, 1.3 MB).

In a globalised world, Africa's development also depends on international rules and institutions. Our African partners need fair opportunities. This requires changes, in Germany, Europe and worldwide:

  • Put an end to harmful exports to Africa; move from free trade to fair trade, promote economic structures and establish local value chains
  • Comply with international environmental and social standards
  • Eliminate international tax havens; stop illicit financial flows from Africa – for example by exerting pressure on international financial markets and banks
  • Restrict exports of arms – especially small arms and light weapons – to Africa
  • Put pressure on governments that finance religious extremism in Africa, thereby destabilising entire regions

In Germany and Europe, we must also harmonise our policies and instruments more effectively. Here, Germany can lead the way. And for this we need a coherent Africa policy. Introducing an annual "Federal Government Report on Africa Policy" can be a first step in this regard. This report could take up and merge the different ministries' strategies for Africa.

The original Marshall Plan was an offer to Europe – today's Marshall Plan is an offer by Europe for joint action with Africa. That means putting an end to individual countries doing their own thing in Africa and instead joining forces within Europe. We need a pan-European effort.

The Post-Cotonou process presents the EU with the unique opportunity to overhaul its policy for Africa as of 2020 in terms of both institutions and agreements. It also offers the potential to ambitiously drive forward the agenda of trade agreements with Africa.

A flexible framework agreement could be used, above all, to develop a sustainable, politically strengthened partnership with Africa.

Regional integration in the Mediterranean region is an essential factor for growth, economic development and employment in the countries of North Africa. We want to build on the cooperation with the Union of the Mediterranean, which was founded in 2008, and the G7 Deauville Partnership with the Arab transition countries and grow them into a strategic partnership. The Union of the Mediterranean must become a driving force for regional integration so as to further boost foreign investment, employment and trade.

Therefore, Africa should also be high on the Brussels agenda. Regular meetings between the African Union and the European Union are a step in the right direction. But they are not enough. We need long-term and sustainable ties between the AU and the EU. The EU-Africa Summit in the autumn of 2017 must mark a historic turning point in the relations between the two continents and usher in an institutional realignment to be completed by 2020.

We need an EU Commissioner for Africa, who ensures a coherent policy on Africa. Until his or her appointment to the new EU Commission in 2019/2020, an "Africa Council" chaired by the High Representative could be established, composed of all Commissioners currently responsible for Africa. The Africa Council would be tasked with continuously reviewing all EU measures in terms of their development benefits for Africa.

At a time when a proposal for the new European Consensus on Development is being discussed, the EU must strengthen its development cooperation with Africa and ensure that it is dovetailed closely with EU external action instruments.

In the short term, we can also use existing instruments to significantly expand our partnership with Africa, namely the EU Trust Fund for Africa, the EU External Investment Plan, the financing instruments of the European Investment Bank and the EU Migration Partnerships.

At the same time, we must stop speaking on behalf of Africa. Africa can speak for itself. That is why Africa should gain a permanent seat on the UN Security Council and be represented in other international organisations in a way that reflects its increased importance.

EU-financed funds and facilities in Africa
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EU-financed funds and facilities in Africa

continue to Chapter 2.3

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