European Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM)

Tensions in relations with Russia Suspended diplomatic relations

For nearly 30 years now, the regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia have no longer been under the control of the Georgian government. They want to become independent. Russia's support for the breakaway areas is putting a severe strain on relations between Russia and Georgia.

In August 2008, the conflict escalated into a five-day war, during which Russian troops moved into Georgian territory. Since that time, Russia has stationed troops in the breakaway regions. Since the 2008 war, Russia and Georgia have had no diplomatic relations. A ceasefire was agreed, brokered by the European Union. A civilian monitoring mission (European Union Monitoring Mission in Georgia (External link), EUMM) is monitoring compliance with the terms agreed.

Russia has recognised Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states. But only a few countries have followed suit. The Georgian government is sticking to its strict policy of territorial integrity, a decision that has the support of its international partners. In the international community, the majority of countries – including Germany – has condemned the conclusion of “alliance treaties” between Russia and the two regions, noting that they violate international law. However, the Georgian government is trying to improve relations with Russia. Since 2012, trade with Russia has gradually been resumed.

As at: 08/06/2022