Egypt An important link between Africa and the Middle East
Since President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi took office in 2014, civil society and the political opposition have found their scope for action increasingly limited. The separation of powers is no longer guaranteed and the human rights situation is worrying. Freedom of opinion, freedom of assembly, press freedom and the work of non-governmental organisations are severely restricted. Politics, the economy and society are increasingly coming under military control.
The Egyptian government has, to a large extent, been successful in mitigating the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and maintaining economic growth. However, the risk of social unrest remains high. The protests in 2011 were not just directed against an authoritarian regime. From the outset, people were also calling for jobs, affordable food and an end to corruption and nepotism. Egypt continues to face huge challenges when it comes to improving the economic and social situation of its people.
German development cooperation with Egypt
Its political, economic and military significance in the Middle East / North Africa region makes Egypt an important partner for German development cooperation. The aim of German development cooperation is to help improve the living conditions of the general population and boost reform efforts in politics and society.
At the government negotiations in December 2022, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) committed new funding of approximately 186 million euros to Egypt for development cooperation.
The two countries' cooperation focuses on the following core areas:
- Conserving nature and natural resources, protecting life on Earth
Area of intervention: water
- Climate and energy – Just transition
Areas of intervention: renewable energy and energy efficiency, sustainable urban development
- Sustainable economic development, training and employment
Areas of intervention: technical and vocational education and training, private sector and financial sector development
The BMZ is also engaged in activities aimed at improving governance, particularly strengthening civil society and empowering women and young people, and supporting work on demographic development, digital technology and administrative reform.
SDG trends for Egypt
- On track or maintaining SDG achievement
- Moderately improving
- Trend information unavailable