Protecting biodiversity – ensuring survival
However, many ecosystems are no longer intact, and as a result, millions of plant and animal species are at risk of extinction. We can only achieve sustainable development if we stop biodiversity loss – and if we combine our related efforts with climate action.
Dramatic loss of biodiversity
Every year, ten million hectares of forest is lost, forest which regulates our climate. This is an area the size of a soccer field every four seconds.
About one million hectares of mangroves were destroyed between 1990 and 2020. (In the last decade, the rate was still about 21,200 hectares per year.)
50 per cent of all coral reefs have already been lost. It is expected that by 2050 only ten per cent will remain. In many places, coastal protection can no longer be ensured.
Every day, up to 150 plant and animal species disappear from the Earth. The rate of biodiversity loss is 100 times faster than it would be without human influence. Our ecosystems, which provide clean water, fertile soils, food security, medical treatment and building materials for us, are no longer in balance.
The destruction of ecosystems and the loss of biodiversity are hitting people in developing countries and emerging economies particularly hard. 80 per cent of the world's biological diversity can be found in tropical regions. In order to deliver on the aspiration to fulfil all people's right to a life in dignity, Germany is investing in the conservation of biodiversity worldwide, at a financial level that is almost unparalleled among industrialised nations.
The BMZ working globally to conserve biodiversity
500 million euros
are provided each year by the BMZ in support of the conservation and sustainable use of forests, oceans and wetlands.
To help conserve biodiversity in our partner countries, we support fair, sustainable, deforestation-free
We support the maintenance and development of over
650 protected areas,
an area six times the size of Germany.
Access and benefit sharing
We lobby for developing countries to receive fair compensation for the use of their natural assets.
We have provided more than
35 million euros
in support of the world's largest transboundary reserve, the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area.
We rely on agroecological approaches and sustainable forest management to help protect forests, water resources and land.
International agreement on biodiversity conservation
The BMZ has been working in the international arena to encourage all countries to increase their efforts for biodiversity conservation. Together with the other 195 parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the German government is currently involved in drafting a new framework for the Convention's implementation over the next ten years. It is to be adopted – and to usher in a breakthrough – at COP-15, which is expected to be held in China in the second half of 2022.
In the negotiations, Germany has been advocating, among other things, for
- placing 30 per cent of the world's land and sea areas under protection,
- making global supply chains and our consumption patterns more sustainable, and
- restoring destroyed and degraded ecosystems.
Further information can be found here.
We all can help to conserve biodiversity
As at: 15/06/2022