Uganda Energy and climate action, good governance, assistance for displaced people
Generally, the Ugandan government's policies are development oriented. In the last two decades, it has been able to achieve visible results in reducing poverty. The COVID-19 pandemic and the Ebola epidemic have slowed this positive trend. Moreover, the current government, which has been in office for many years, is finding it increasingly difficult to lend fresh impetus to development. It had been hoped that oil production would lead to development leaps, but they still have to materialise and might lead to neglect of adaptation processes in other sectors.
Generous refugee policy
Uganda has become the number one host country for refugees in Africa. Some 1.5 million displaced people (as at October 2023), most of them from South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, are staying in Uganda. The government pursues a very generous policy on refugees, which is internationally considered to be exemplary.
However, that policy is now reaching its limits, as host communities' capacity to provide shelter and basic services is nearly exhausted. The sharp increase in food prices worldwide is making it increasingly difficult for the government to provide food for the refugees.
Human rights under threat
A bill passed by Parliament in March 2023 provided for drastic measures against homosexuality and LGBTQI+ persons. It met with harsh criticism from other countries, including Germany.
Criticism was also voiced within Uganda, mainly on legal grounds (with doubts being raised as to whether the bill was constitutional). At the request of the President, the Ugandan Parliament eliminated some of the particularly problematic parts from the bill in early May. However, observers continue to view the bill with great concern. The amended version has again been submitted to the President for approval.
German development cooperation with Uganda
Germany is one of the most important donors for Uganda. The two countries' development cooperation focuses on the priority areas of agriculture / rural development and renewable energy / energy efficiency. Support is also provided to foster good governance and respect for human rights. One special focus of the cooperation programme is assisting refugees and supporting their integration.
At the government negotiations in 2022, the German government committed 68.8 million euros in new funding for Ugandan-German development cooperation.
Cooperation focuses on the following core areas:
- Transformation of agricultural and food systems
- Good governance, support for civil society and for displaced persons
- Renewable energy and energy efficiency
Vocational training and employment promotion
One cross-cutting issue that is addressed in all projects under Ugandan-German development cooperation is the promotion of employment. Based on close partnership with the private sector, the two sides work towards creating job opportunities for young people. Support is provided for practice-oriented vocational training, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises, and for start-up projects. One special focus, as part of Germany's feminist development policy, is on vocational training for women and their integration in the world of work.
SDG trends for Uganda
- On track or maintaining SDG achievement
- Moderately improving
- Trend information unavailable