Rwanda Pioneer in implementing the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement
The government is development-oriented and is very much focused on achieving its ambitious goals with the aim of reforming the country. However, authoritarian government structures have become even more entrenched under President Paul Kagame.Ethnic conflict between Hutus and Tutsis has been a recurrent theme in Rwanda's history. In 1994, it escalated and resulted in a genocide against the Tutsi minority that is thought to have cost up to one million lives in just 100 days. The genocide, the physical and mental trauma suffered by large parts of the population and the mass displacement and subsequent return of some 3.5 million refugees have had, and continue to have, a lasting impact on Rwanda and have thrown the country back considerably in its development.
Dealing with the aftermath of the genocide remains one of the major challenges for the country. Other challenges include the severe economic and social consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, the poverty in rural areas, high population density and land scarcity, the impact of climate change and a huge demand for jobs compounded by a shortage of well-trained people. The current United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) ranks the east African country 165th out of 191 countries.
German development cooperation with Rwanda
The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) incorporates key goals of Rwanda’s own development strategies and of G20 Compact with Africa (External link) initiative into its development cooperation with Rwanda.
Under this G20 initiative, Germany has joined with other donors to support Rwanda in improving the environment for private investors. Under this framework, a German Business Desk has, for instance, been set up in Rwanda’s capital Kigali to promote investments in areas relevant to development.
Germany’s bilateral development cooperation with Rwanda focuses on the following core areas:
- Sustainable economic development, training and employment
- Climate and energy, just transition
- Peaceful and inclusive societies
In addition, Germany is supporting the work of civil society organisations in the area of human rights in order to strengthen the rights of especially disadvantaged groups vis-à-vis public institutions (for example young people’s, women’s and health rights).
Rwanda is also benefiting from various regional and supra-regional programmes under German development cooperation.
At the government negotiations in October 2022, Germany committed 93.6 million euros in new funding to Rwanda for the period from 2022 to 2024 with 63 million euros being earmarked for Financial Cooperation and 30.6 million euros for Technical Cooperation.
This includes 2.1 million euros made available under the Special Initiative “Displaced Persons and Host Countries”. Some 127,000 people are currently registered in Rwanda who have fled the Democratic Republic of the Congo or Burundi.
SDG trends for Rwanda
- On track or maintaining SDG achievement
- Moderately improving
- Trend information unavailable