Political situation Recent history: turbulent times

The 1980s were overshadowed by the terrorist activities of the Maoist guerrilla movement known as Shining Path. Then came an authoritarian government, led by President Alberto Fujimori. In 2001, Peru returned to the path of democracy with democratic changes of government.

Lima Cathedral

Lima Cathedral

Lima Cathedral

The years since 2016 have been characterised by transitional governments, quick changes of power and the conflict between the legislative and executive branches, which has been going on since the presidential election in 2016. This culminated in November 2020 with the impeachment of then president Martín Vizcarra and the appointment of Francisco Sagasti as interim president. Strikes, protests and crises were the result, along with low public confidence in the government. The government under President Pedro Castillo, elected in June 2021, has so far not managed to restore political stability. Since taking office in April 2022, there have been four cabinet reshuffles.

Peru is still in the process of establishing democratic state institutions. This includes working towards the key goals that the Peruvian government has set itself, namely implementing decentralisation and preventing or cracking down on corruption.


As at: 03/06/2022