Core area “Sustainable economic development, training and employment” Creating jobs and training skilled workers

In the Republic of Moldova, people do not have sufficient opportunities to earn a steady income. A large proportion of people's incomes is generated in the informal sector.

Winery in Moldova
Winery in Moldova

Existing jobs are unequally distributed between urban and rural areas and between men and women. Ethnic minorities and people with disabilities are finding it particularly difficult to access the labour market, which means that they are at especially high risk of being affected by poverty.

The BMZ is assisting Moldova's government in improving the business climate for local and international investors and supporting small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in their role as potential supplier companies. In order to make reforms as transparent and practice-oriented as possible, the BMZ supports a dialogue between the government, the private sector and civil society. There is a special focus on job placement services for disadvantaged groups.

From 2015 to 2021, Germany's investment and employment promotion efforts helped to create more than 15,000 new jobs in areas such as the automotive industry, the textile and garment sector, and electronics and information technology. German assistance contributed to the drafting or amendment of 51 laws and regulations aimed at sustainable economic development, better policy coordination, and coherence with the 2030 Agenda.

Technical and vocational education and training

In order to address the shortage of skilled labour, Germany is also providing support to vocational training. On behalf of the BMZ, GIZ has provided advice to the Moldovan government on how to transfer responsibilities from government authorities to the private sector. In 2018, the country established a dual vocational training system that enables trainees to acquire vocational skills at vocational schools and at training enterprises in parallel. With support from GIZ, Moldova drafted a dual training law, which was adopted by the government in March 2022. It provides for a dual training system with separate roles (government; enterprises; chambers of crafts, commerce and industry) as part of the existing vocational education system.

Now a follow-up project is providing support to government entities, enterprises, the social partners and education facilities as they broaden their vocational training capacity and expand their mutual cooperation. Another focus of Germany's activities is on fostering occupations and areas of expertise in the field of the “green” economy.

So far, more than 12,000 trainees have completed dual training. According to a survey among participating companies, the rate of graduates who find employment has constantly been around 70 per cent, which is significantly higher than in the traditional training system.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the BMZ provided extra funding, which was used, among other things, to support the introduction of digital technology in Moldovan enterprises and in the vocational training system.

Facts and figures Results of German activities from 2015 to 2021

  • More than 12,000 people have successfully completed long-term vocational training programmes, with 70 per cent of them finding jobs immediately after graduation.
  • More than 15,000 people have found new jobs thanks to employment programmes. Between 2019 and 2021 alone, this included more than 2,700 women and 1,600 young people, and nearly 500 people from disadvantaged groups (such as persons with disabilities and Roma).
  • German development cooperation projects contributed to the drafting or amendment, and subsequent adoption, of 51 laws and regulations aimed at sustainable economic development, better policy coordination, and coherence with the 2030 Agenda.

As at: 10/07/2023