Flag decoration on the occasion of the Second Libya Conference in Berlin on 23 June 2021

Background International peacebuilding efforts

The international community has been backing the Libyan peace process since the 2011 revolution.

The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) is mandated to mediate in the political conflict, support the organisation of elections, further dialogue on security, promote economic and security reform and help implement the ceasefire agreement. It is also tasked with monitoring human rights, helping to secure uncontrolled arms and delivering basic services and humanitarian assistance.

Berlin Process

The German government initiated the Berlin Process to strengthen the diplomatic efforts of the United Nations. In 2020 and 2021, conferences were held in Berlin to support Libya in the areas of peacebuilding, the reconstruction of democratic institutions and the implementation of political and economic reforms. Since then, considerable progress has been made in stabilising the country. Express calls were made at these and at subsequent conferences to withdraw all foreign fighters. Russia and Turkey both have a military and mercenary presence in Libya.

As at: 23/01/2023