Economic situation High levels of youth unemployment and poor prospects

Jordan's economy is weak. The country has few mineral and other natural resources and only very limited agricultural land.

Trainees in a vocational training centre in Jordan

Trainees in a vocational training centre in Jordan

Trainees in a vocational training centre in Jordan

The population is very young: some 35 per cent of the country’s approximately 9.7 million inhabitants are under 15 years of age. The country’s own labour market is currently unable to provide adequate employment opportunities for them. It is estimated that youth unemployment stands at well over 30 per cent.

Many people see no economic future for themselves. That feeling is rooted, for example, in the upheaval taking place in the region, not least the Syrian crisis, the reform backlog, the high levels of youth unemployment and one of the lowest female employment rates in the world. As a result, Jordan is dependent on external support, mainly from funds and debt rescheduling from international donors, and remittances from Jordanians living abroad.

According to World Bank figures, Jordan experienced economic growth of two per cent in 2017; growth of 2.3 per cent is expected for 2018.

On the current Human Development Index (HDI), Jordan ranks 102nd out of 189 countries.