Mangrove forest in India

Priority area Environmental protection and resource conservation Protecting eco-systems and adapting to climate change

It is a matter of national and global importance that India protect the quality of its soil, water and air, and that it conserve biodiversity on the Indian sub-continent. To date, however, the Indian government has made only limited progress towards curbing environmental degradation and mitigating the impacts of climate change.

Germany’s commitment in this priority area focuses on three areas of intervention:

  • Water security, and sustainable water and soil management;
  • Sustainable management of ecosystems, with a focus on forests; and
  • Climate change adaptation and funding for climate action.

Soil and water

The objective with regard to soil and water management is to introduce agricultural practices and strategies that are better suited to conserving soil resources, in particular in major water catchment areas. These are to be coupled with activities to create employment opportunities in rural areas, for example through the processing and refining of agricultural products.

Ecosystems management

The focus in terms of resource conservation is on preserving species-rich ecosystems by making use of intelligent management systems that are adapted to climate change. The emphasis is on forest protection, in particular in the Himalayas and in other forest-rich states. Logging is to be prevented and alternative income opportunities created for the local population.

A man irrigates plants at the Green Innovation Centre in Rukka, India, which was set up with support from the BMZ.

A man irrigates plants at the Green Innovation Centre in Rukka, India, which was set up with support from the BMZ.

A man irrigates plants at the Green Innovation Centre in Rukka, India, which was set up with support from the BMZ.

Climate change adaptation

The goal with regard to climate change adaptation is to prepare the rural population and the relevant government authorities to cope with climate change. Germany and India are working together to develop local strategies for development and climate change adaptation as well as appropriate financing models. For instance, sustainable and resource-conserving practices and the use of modern technologies are intended to help farmers not only increase their yields but also be able to earn a living from farming in the long term, despite changing climatic conditions.