Better medical care for pregnant women and extensive immunisation programmes have helped to continuously lower the mortality rate among children and mothers. The HIV infection rate in Ghana has been relatively low for years. Overall, however, there is still a great deal that needs to be done in the health sector.
Gender equality for women is guaranteed under the constitution, but is not practised in a convincing way. The traditional system of values that continues to be upheld inevitably leads to discrimination against women and certain other groups of people (for example homosexuals).
Some 80 per cent of Ghanaians work in the informal sector, which means that most of them lack both formal vocational training and social protection.