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The development agenda of the German G20 Presidency
The Group of Twenty (G20) comprises 19 major industrialised and emerging economies and the European Union. Traditionally, the annual meetings of G20 heads of state and government have focused on issues relating to world economic growth, international trade and the regulation of financial markets.
Initially, the G20 had been formed in response to the global economic and financial crisis. It has now started to increasingly address the development of answers to other global challenges as well.
At their summit in Seoul in 2010, G20 heads of state and government agreed on a global development strategy that focuses on inclusive economic growth as the centrepiece of global poverty reduction. Ever since, development policy has been a topic in its own right on the agenda of the G20 process.
On 1 December 2016, Germany assumed the G20 Presidency, which it will hold for one year.
The German government has chosen the slogan "Shaping an interconnected world" for its Presidency. This is based on three thematic pillars:
- Building resilience
- Improving sustainability
- Assuming responsibility
The German Development Ministry (BMZ) has played a big part in defining the German G20 agenda, as all three pillars are closely related to development cooperation.
There will be a special focus on the following development topics:
- Financial services for small and medium-sized enterprises
- Sustainable supply chains (innovative financing models, improvement of the general environment, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises)
Example: textile sector
- Implementation of the 2030 Agenda
- Digital education for girls (#eSkills4Girls)
- Renewable energy for Africa
- Addressing climate change and environmental risks (climate insurance, climate finance, implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions)
- Marine conservation
- Preventing pandemics, strengthening health systems
- 01.02.2017: Germany plans to use G20 presidency to shine the spotlight on Africa (video, SABC News)
- 11.01.2017: German G20 Presidency launches GreenInvest platform to engage developing countries on green finance needs and opportunities
- 12.12.2016: Queen Máxima visits German Development Ministry: More support for financial inclusion in developing countries, especially for women
- 09.12.2016: Focus of the G20 Presidency on Africa, climate, and job opportunities for young people
What is the G20?
The Group of Twenty (G20) is the central forum for international economic cooperation. It comprises the following 19 most advanced industrialised and emerging economies: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. The European Union is the 20th member.
The BMZ has close cooperation with seven of these countries (Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa, Turkey).
The G20 nations account for more than 85 per cent of global GDP and three quarters of global trade. They are home to about two thirds of the world's population.
The Group was formed in 1999. Originally, G20 meetings took place at the level of finance ministers and heads of central banks. The primary purpose of the meetings was to improve cooperation on issues related to the international financial system. However, during the economic and financial crisis in 2008 it turned out that in order to successfully deal with crises of such dimensions, coordination at the highest political level was necessary. Thus, G20 meetings have since included summits of heads of state and government.
How does the G20 work?
The Group of Twenty is an informal body. Its decisions are politically binding and are followed up mainly through public accountability reports. It has turned out that G20 decisions serve as very strong signals and are able to trigger important reforms at the national and international levels.
The presidency rotates between the G20 members, with presidency terms lasting one year. The country that has the presidency proposes topics to be discussed and is responsible for organising the summit meeting, putting together the agenda and choosing special invitees.
The following guests, among others, will be invited to the Hamburg summit on 7 and 8 July 2017:
- Spain (the country is a permanent guest); Germany has also invited the Netherlands, Norway and Singapore to be partner countries in the G20 process.
- Regional alliances such as the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), and the African Union (AU)
- International organisations such as the International Labour Organization (ILO), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Financial Stability Board (FSB), the World Bank, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and the United Nations (UN). Germany has also invited the World Health Organization (WHO) to this year's summit.
Numerous meetings at ministerial level will be taking place prior to the summit to address specific G20 topics. Ministerial meetings in 2017 will bring together ministers of finance, foreign affairs, labour, health, agriculture, and information and technology policy.
The BMZ will be involved in the preparation of the agenda for the summit. It is the lead ministry for the Development Working Group (DWG) and the Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion (GPFI) and will chair both groups during Germany's Presidency.
Dialogue with other groups
The G20 is engaged in a close dialogue with other groups in order to use the ideas and recommendations of important civil society players in its discussions and negotiations.
There will be various dialogue fora where international representatives of the private sector (Business20), non-governmental organisations (Civil20), trade unions (Labour20), academia (Science20), think tanks (Think20), women (Women20) and youth (Youth20) will have a chance to present their positions and submit proposals to the G20.
Documents and links on G20 issues
German government's official G20 Presidency website
Information on other ministries' websites
- Federal Foreign Office
- Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy
- Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture
- Federal Ministry of Health
Information on the G20 dialogue process
- Private sector: Business 20 (B20)
- Non-governmental organisations: Civil 20 (C20)
- Adacemia: Science 20 (S20)
- Think tanks: Think 20 (T20)
- Women: Women 20 (W20)
- G20 Information Centre at the University of Toronto
- G20 Initiative on Supporting Industrialization in Africa and Least Developed Countries
- Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion
- G20 brochure: Shaping an interconnected world (PDF 2.8 MB)
- G20 brochure: Priorities of the 2017 G20 Summit (PDF 473 KB)
- G20 Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (PDF 1.7 MB)
- Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion – German 2017 Priorities Paper (PDF 460 KB)
- Seoul Development Consensus for Shared Growth (PDF 217 KB)
- Hangzhou Comprehensive Accountability Report on G20 Development Commitments (PDF 2.4 MB)
- St. Petersburg Development Outlook (274 KB)
German G20 Presidency: Calendar of events
15-16 December 2016
First meeting of the Development Working Group in Berlin
22 January 2017
Meeting of ministers of agriculture in Berlin
23-24 January 2017
First meeting and workshop of the Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion in Wiesbaden
16-17 February 2017
Meeting of foreign ministers in Bonn
14-16 March 2017
Second meeting of the Development Working Group in Bonn
17-18 March 2017
Meeting of finance ministers and central bank governors in Baden-Baden
6-7 April 2017
Meeting of digital affairs ministers in Dusseldorf
27-28 April 2017
International Conference on Rural Development in Berlin
2-4 May 2017
Second meeting and workshop of the Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion in Berlin
10-12 May 2016
Third meeting of the Development Working Group in Frankfurt/Main
18-19 May 2017
Meeting of labour ministers in Bad Neuenahr
19-20 May 2017
Meeting of ministers of health in Berlin
12-13 June 2017
Conference G20 Africa Partnership in Berlin
7-8 July 2017
G20 summit for heads of state and government in Hamburg