German G20 Presidency
Focus of the G20 Presidency on Africa, climate, and job opportunities for young people
Berlin – Germany will be able to use its G20 Presidency to achieve significant headway on the implementation of the international community's climate goals and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is working to do just that. Following the UN climate conference in Marrakech and the sustainability summit in New York, the Ministry is now focusing on three priorities: a new partnership with Africa; effective steps for climate action; and job opportunities, especially for young people in developing countries.
Development Minister Gerd Müller noted, "We are specifically focusing on practical ways of implementing the SDGs and the climate goals which the international community has adopted. The world is at a crossroads. If we do not manage to make globalisation fair, the number of conflicts and crises will not decline – it will grow. If we fail to meet global challenges together, even more people will leave their home countries in order to escape from hunger, poverty, war, or climate change. The G20 unites the key players who can significantly change the fate of our planet. The G20 countries account for two thirds of the global population, three quarters of global trade, and three quarters of global greenhouse gas emissions. Together, we have a chance to chart a course for the future of our planet."
One of the priorities of Germany's G20 agenda will be a new partnership with Africa. The BMZ wants to add a new dimension to its cooperation with the 54 countries on the African continent. The Ministry is therefore working in very practical ways to improve the investment environment in order to trigger sustainable growth.
In Africa and elsewhere, one crucial aspect for a better future is job opportunities for young people. In Africa alone, an additional ten million young people enter the labour market every year. The BMZ is working to further improve the job opportunities of young people, especially in rural areas.
Another focus of the G20 agenda is how to support poorer countries in implementing the climate agreement. Minister Müller said, "Climate change is already affecting those most who have contributed to it least. This means we have a duty to assist developing countries as they implement the climate agreement." Further important issues to be discussed at G20 conferences are the expansion of climate risk insurance and the improvement of climate finance options.
Germany assumed the G20 Presidency on 1 December. The G20 group, which has been meeting at the level of heads of state and government since 2008, unites the world's strongest economies. "Shaping an interconnected world" is one of the guiding themes for Germany's G20 Presidency.
From a development point of view, the G20 conferences in Berlin on rural development in April and on Africa in June will be of special significance.
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