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Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

In the early 1970s, in the face of rocketing world population figures and stagnating harvests, in particular in food crops, massive famine was forecast. For this reason, the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) was founded in 1971.

Its original aim was to fight food shortages in tropical and sub-tropical countries through research and investment in new, high-yield varieties and improved livestock farming methods. To this end, international agricultural research centres were founded worldwide, including the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center in Mexico (CIMMYT), the International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines (IRRI), and the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in Kenya and Ethiopia.

Results of research accessible to all

Today, CGIAR is an international agricultural research network with 15 centres on four continents. The institutes primarily elaborate solutions to the problems faced by developing countries. They conduct research into the most important food crops and seek to improve the management of natural resources in agriculture and the sustainable management of tropical forests. The latest scientific findings are taken into account. Since 2007, for instance, Germany has been helping establish a new research focus to adapt African agriculture to climate change. The results of the research centres are open to everybody and cannot be patented.

The Secretariat of the Group is attached to the World Bank in Washington D.C., but CGIAR is funded by various industrialised and developing countries, international organisations and institutions, and NGOs. Germany was a founding member of CGIAR.

More information


Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)

The World Bank
MSN G6-601
1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
Phone: +1 / 202 / 4 73 89 51
Fax: +1 / 202 / 4 73 81 10

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