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Burkina Faso

School girl in Burkina Faso

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Overview

"Land of the Upright".

Since the early 1990s, Burkina Faso has been gradually embracing more democracy. The great tolerance shown by the people in ethnic and religious matters is typical of this country where more than 60 ethnic groups co-exist peacefully. This is also reflected in the country's name: in translation, the terms "Burkina" and "Faso", which are taken from the two most widely spoken languages in the country, mean "Land of the Upright".

If population growth continues at the rate of almost three per cent per annum seen in recent years, Burkina Faso's population will double within the next 25 years. This presents the country, which has few natural resources, with major problems relating to food security, social service provision, and water and energy supply. Economic growth can barely keep pace with population growth.

Germany is one of Burkina Faso's largest bilateral donors and an important partner. International cooperation funds are existentially important for Burkina Faso.

Relations between Burkina Faso and Germany focus on agriculture and food security, decentralisation and municipal development, and drinking water supply and sanitation. In addition, the two sides are engaged in efforts to protect children's rights.

Scroll down to get detailed information about the situation in Burkina Faso and Germany's development engagement in the country.

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Priority areas of cooperation with Burkina Faso

Development facts and figures from Burkina Faso

Traffic in Ouagadougou
Political situation

Democratic new beginnings and regional integration

In October 2014, the Parliament of Burkina Faso was due to vote on an amendment to the constitution, which would have enabled President Compaoré, who had been in office for 27 years, to seek a further term of office. Following mass protests in the capital Ouagadougou and the country's second-largest city, Bobo-Dioulasso, Compaoré announced his resignation on 31 October 2014. The military took power for a short period, before handing over to a civilian transitional government headed by a diplomat, Michel Kafando.

In November 2015, presidential and parliamentary elections were held, which were deemed to have been free and fair. The presidential election was won by Roch Kaboré. He is the party leader of the People's Movement for Progress (Mouvement du Peuple pour le Progrès, MPP).

In January 2016, a terrorist attack was committed in the capital, Ouagadougou, by the AQIM group (Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb), killing 30 people and leaving more than 50 seriously injured. Thus, regional terrorism in the Sahel region has now reached Burkina Faso. The attack cast a dark shadow over the new democratic beginning.

Regional integration and stability

Burkina Faso is actively engaged in efforts to bring about political and economic integration in Africa. It is a member of a number of regional organisations, including the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). It is a priority of the government to expand relations with neighbouring countries and to deepen relations with major donors (EU member states, Switzerland, Canada, Taiwan and the USA).

Burkina Faso has been involved in various African Union and United Nations peace missions, including in Côte d'Ivoire, Haiti, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, Mali, and Sudan. Thanks to its relative political stability, the country plays a positive role in the region.

Children in Kaya, Burkina Faso
Social situation

Significant progress in health and education

Burkina Faso has made significant progress in other fields. The proportion of undernourished children fell by more than a third within one decade. However, it remains high at 30 per cent (2015). Maternal mortality has been more than halved; the proportion of children attending school has more than doubled – from 30 per cent (1990) to more than 69 per cent (2015). In particular, the share of girls going to school has risen significantly. There have also been strong improvements in access to clean drinking water (1990: 41 per cent, 2015: 82 per cent).

Burkina Faso has also been very successful in reducing HIV infection rates – from 2.1 per cent in 2001 to 0.8 per cent in 2016. Some slow progress is also being made on the reduction of child mortality. Under-five mortality has been declining steadily since 1994, from about 201 per 1,000 live births to 85 (in 2016). However, this rate is still very high. Almost half the population is under the age of 15. Life expectancy is 60 years.

Structural poverty is a key problem

Notwithstanding these significant achievements, there continues to be a need for broad socio-economic and political reforms. Burkina Faso's core problem is structural poverty: well above 40 per cent of its population of around 18 million live below the absolute poverty line. On the latest United Nations Human Development Index, Burkina Faso is ranked 183rd of the 189 countries reviewed (HDI).

Worker in a cotton ginning plant in Ouagadougou
Economic situation

Good economic performance in regional comparison

Burkina Faso's economic performance is good by regional standards. In spite of challenges such as the international financial crisis and the food crisis in the Sahel region, Burkina Faso has been able to make progress at the macroeconomic level. Inflation has been fairly low for several years (0.9 per cent in 2016), economic growth was about 4 per cent in 2015, and the budget deficit is about 3.7 per cent.

The low level of education, the inadequate health system, deficits in the quality and quantity of the water supply, and underutilisation of existing agricultural potential are all impediments to the country's economic development. Unfavourable production factors are a further problem. Burkina Faso is a landlocked country, which means that the costs of energy and transportation are very high. Moreover, the level of training is low, as is productivity. More than 60 per cent of the people are unable to read or write.

The high rate of population growth exacerbates what is already a difficult situation. Although good farming land is very scarce, the country has more and more mouths to feed. As a result, people move on to places where the soil is still fertile. Often, such new land is used in such an intensive manner that the land becomes unusable over the long term.

Fruitseller in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

Development potential

Agriculture

The greatest development potential for the country's economy lies in agriculture and downstream sectors. Four fifths of the population work in agriculture, which accounts for about one third of gross domestic product. Mining is becoming more and more important, too (especially gold). But there is hardly any industrial sector, and the general environment for the private sector is only improving slowly.

Infrastructure

The country struggles with unfavourable conditions for development. Burkina Faso is landlocked, which means high transportation costs for export industries. Growing energy costs, the country's poor infrastructure, and the low level of training of the workforce are further constraints to development.

In order to maintain a positive development trend, the country must improve legal certainty for investments in the private sector and increase its tax revenues. Furthermore, effective banks must be set up, especially microfinance institutions.

Trade

Most of the country's foreign exchange earnings come from the export of very few products: cotton, livestock, cashew nuts and gold. The country's dependency on a few key export commodities makes it vulnerable to external shocks. The drop in world market prices for gold and cotton thus has a significant impact on economic growth.

The elimination of subsidies for cotton producers in wealthy countries could allow cotton from Burkina Faso to compete on world markets. This could boost the economy. Within the framework of the Cotton Initiative, Burkina Faso is therefore working alongside Mali, Chad and Benin to try and overturn the subsidies granted by the United States, the EU and the People's Republic of China to their own farmers.

Mining

In the past few years, the mining sector has become increasingly important for the country's economy. Between 2008 and 2011, gold production rose six-fold. Burkina Faso's export earnings from gold are now almost three times as high as those from cotton.

A woman with children at a water point in Burkina Faso
Human rights

Fundamental rights need to be better respected

The human rights situation has improved. In the past few years, the then government took various steps to protect human rights. Among other things, it set up a fund for the victims of political violence, and it introduced reforms in the judiciary. Human rights are now part of the mandate of the Ministry of Justice.

However, respect for basic rights, and specifically women's rights, is still inadequate in rural areas; women have hardly any say in political decision-making processes. Since 2009, a quota has therefore been in place for general elections that requires 30 per cent of the candidates on electoral lists to be women. Burkina Faso's poverty reduction strategy is based on the principle of gender equality. In 2009, the country adopted its first national gender strategy.

Overcoming female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is banned by law. Studies show that the number of cases of FGM is declining, especially for girls under 14 (with a rate of 13.3 per cent recorded in 2010 among girls aged 0-14 years, as opposed to about 66 per cent in 1996). Among the adult population, most women are still affected by FGM.

In the region, Burkina Faso's political commitment to eradicating the practice of FGM is exemplary. Burkina Faso was one of the first countries in Africa to adopt a law against FGM – in 1996. The country's efforts to eradicate FGM began in the mid-1970s, with broad civil society involvement. In 1990, the national committee for the eradication of FGM (Comité national de lutte contre la pratique de l'excision, CNLPE) was founded, chaired by then First Lady Compaoré.

Child labour and child trafficking still widespread

Although the rights of children and young people are enshrined in law, their living conditions remain difficult. Child labour and child trafficking are still widespread. More than 40 per cent of all children work. The majority of them are employed in hazardous and detrimental occupations, for example in gold mines. The share of children who are living separately from their parents in order to work (for instance as illegal migrants in neighbouring countries) is estimated to be 5 per cent. 52 per cent of all girls marry before they reach the age of 18.

A community health worker in the village of Djomga in Dori, northeastern Burkina Faso, talks about maternal and child health and proper hygiene

German development cooperation with Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is one of the development partners with which Germany cooperates closely on the basis of intergovernmental agreements. Germany is one of Burkina Faso's largest bilateral donors and an important partner. International cooperation funds are existentially important for Burkina Faso. Grants and foreign loans together account for about 70 per cent of the national budget.

In October 2014, Germany committed 113.42 million euros for bilateral development cooperation.

Three priority areas of cooperation have been agreed with the Government of Burkina Faso. They complement the engagement of other donors in the country:

  • Agriculture and food security
  • Decentralisation and municipal development
  • Drinking water and sanitation 

Germany is also involved in activities to promote children's rights. These priorities have been aligned with the national poverty reduction and growth strategy (Plan national de développement économique et social, PNDES, PDF 1.8 MB) for 2016 to 2020.

  • Women making cheese in Dori, northeastern Burkina Faso
    Agriculture and food security

    Market-oriented production and processing

    Agriculture plays an important part in feeding the population and reducing poverty in Burkina Faso. With German support, the Government of Burkina Faso has drawn up a strategy for rural development.

  • A woman working on a laptop in Burkina Faso.
    Decentralisation and municipal development

    Promoting the participation of all social groups

    The most important objective of cooperation between Burkina Faso and Germany in the priority area of decentralisation and municipal development is to promote democracy and participation by all social groups in Burkina Faso's development process.

  • Training for plumbers in the vocational training centre of the national water agency in Burkina Faso
    Drinking water and sanitation

    Better infrastructure for the water sector

    Water supply systems in Burkina Faso are not adequate to provide the population with clean drinking water. In future, this situation will become worse as groundwater and surface water resources dwindle.

  • Children practice their reading and counting in the Burkina capital Ouagadougou. University students are volunteering their time to help the children get an education.
    Children's rights

    Better access to basic education

    The protection of vulnerable groups, including children, is particularly important in Burkina Faso. Despite an overall good legal framework, children's rights are often ignored and violated.

Women making cheese in Dori, northeastern Burkina Faso
Agriculture and food security

Market-oriented production and processing

Agriculture plays an important part in feeding the population and reducing poverty in Burkina Faso. With German support, the Government of Burkina Faso has drawn up a strategy for rural development. This strategy forms the framework for development cooperation between Burkina Faso and Germany.

Simultaneously, both sides are working with further African and international partners to make this national development strategy a meaningful part of the new Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), an endeavour launched by the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD).

Germany is also helping Burkina Faso to introduce market-oriented production and processing of agricultural goods. To this end, agricultural products with good market prospects are being identified.

A Green Innovation Centre has been set up as part of the BMZ's special 'ONE WORLD – No Hunger' initiative. The Centre is intended to help with the development of new services related to market access, to the processing of agricultural goods, and to the improvement of quality standards. The Centre has already successfully assisted with achieving a 25 per cent productivity increase for rice and sesame cultivation and processing, and with creating new jobs.

A woman working on a laptop in Burkina Faso.
Decentralisation and municipal development

Promoting the participation of all social groups

The most important objective of cooperation between Burkina Faso and Germany in the priority area of decentralisation and municipal development is to promote democracy and participation by all social groups in Burkina Faso's development process.

Burkina Faso's constitution of 1991 enshrines decentralisation as part of the process of democratic reform. In 2006, a comprehensive decentralisation process was launched. Previously, the country had been organised on a highly centralised basis. By supporting municipal reforms, Germany has helped Burkina Faso to achieve an important success: local authorities are now able to be more efficient and more responsive to people's needs. As a result, the satisfaction of the population with administrative bodies has increased from 37 per cent in 2009 to 75 per cent in 2015.

Germany is supporting the development of democratically legitimate local government units. Key areas of cooperation in this sector are the definition and delineation of local government and central government mandates, staff training, and advice on the drafting and implementation of local development plans. A fund geared to improving municipal infrastructure is intended to enhance the financial standing of local authorities. From 2013 to 2016, more than 4,000 municipal staff received training at governmental administrative colleges.

Training for plumbers in the vocational training centre of the national water agency in Burkina Faso
Drinking water and sanitation

Better infrastructure for the water sector

Water supply systems in Burkina Faso are not adequate to provide the population with clean drinking water. In future, this situation will become worse as groundwater and surface water resources dwindle.

In December 2006, the government adopted a national drinking water and sanitation programme. The programme provides the framework for inputs from the government and from donors. Since the start of the programme, the supplies of safe drinking water available to the people have improved considerably. However, sanitation remains a great challenge.

At present, development cooperation between Burkina Faso and Germany focuses on drinking water supply and sanitation in small and medium-sized towns. The purpose of the programme is to improve the legal and institutional environment in the water sector and to finance the requisite infrastructure. Thanks to the programme, an additional 470,000 people have been provided with safe drinking water, and 109,000 people were given access to latrines.

Children practice their reading and counting in the Burkina capital Ouagadougou. University students are volunteering their time to help the children get an education.
Children's rights

Better access to basic education

The protection of vulnerable groups, including children, is particularly important in Burkina Faso. Despite an overall good legal framework, children's rights are often ignored and violated.

Forced marriage, early pregnancies and genital mutilation are particular risks for girls; dangerous child labour and child trafficking are widespread. The allocation of school scholarships and the construction of school canteens will therefore improve children's access to basic education. By setting up and expanding child protection networks, children are to be protected from violence and exploitation so that their living situation and future prospects improve.

Map of Burkina Faso

This map does not necessarily reflect the official position of the German government in terms of international law.

Development facts and figures

  Burkina Faso Data for Germany
Country namea16180138 Burkina Faso Federal Republic of Germany
Capitala16180110 Ouagadougou, approximately 2 million inhabitants Berlin, 3.7 million inhabitants
Surface areaa16180096 274,220 sq km (2017) 357,380 sq km (2017)
Ranking Human Development Index (HDI)a16180124 183 of 189 (2017) 5 of 189 (2017)
http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.SRF.TOTL.K2

Surface area

Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.

http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/

Ranking Human Development Index (HDI)

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) publishes a Human Development Report once a year. The Human Development Index (HDI) contained in the Report records average figures for a country in fundamentally important fields of human development. These include, for example, life expectancy at birth, level of education and per capita income. From a large number of such individual indicators a ranking is calculated. Using this ranking it is possible to establish the average development status of a particular country.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.RUR.TOTL.ZS

Population living in rural areas (% of total)

Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.LE00.IN

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.65UP.TO.ZS

Population ages 65 and above (% of total)

 

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.0014.TO.ZS

Population ages 0-14 (% of total)

 

http://www.bmz.de/en/index.html

Volume of German development cooperation

Funds for development cooperation (Technical and Financial Cooperation) committed by the Federal Republic of Germany under intergovernmental agreements.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.ODA.ODAT.CD

Total amount of ODA received

Net official development assistance (ODA) consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent). Data are in current U.S. dollars.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.ODA.ODAT.PC.ZS

Amount of ODA received per capita

Net official development assistance (ODA) per capita consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients; and is calculated by dividing net ODA received by the midyear population estimate. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent). Data are in current U.S. dollars.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SN.ITK.DEFC.ZS

Undernutrition

Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.NAHC

Population living below the national poverty line (% of total)

National poverty rate is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.DDAY

Population living in absolute poverty (% of total)

The percentage of the population living on less than 1.90 US dollars a day at 2011 international prices. The World Bank last changed the definition of this poverty line in October 2015. Previously, it was defined as the percentage of the population living on less than 1.25 US dollars a day at 2005 international prices. Five countries (Bangladesh, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Jordan and Laos) still use this older definition.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.PRM.CMPT.ZS

Children who complete primary school (% of total)

Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by taking the total number of students in the last grade of primary school, minus the number of repeaters in that grade, divided by the total number of children of official graduation age.

When using this method of calculation the result may be greater than 100 per cent for some countries. This just means that the number of children completing their primary school education in that particular school year was higher than the number of children who were of official school leaving age.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.PRM.NENR

Proportion of school age children attending primary school

Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.ADT.LITR.ZS

Literacy rate

Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.XPD.TOTL.GD.ZS

Public spending on education

Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.PRM.ENRL.TC.ZS

Number of pupils per teacher at primary school level

Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.IMM.IDPT

Immunization, diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (DPT) (% of children ages 12-23 months)

Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.BRTC.ZS

Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)

Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.ANVC.ZS

Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)

Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.DYN.MORT

Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.MMRT

Number of mothers who die during pregnancy or childbirth (per 100,000 live births)

Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.DYN.AIDS.ZS

HIV/AIDS prevalence among the 15-49 age group

Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.PUBL.ZS

Public health spending as a percentage of gross domestic product

Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IS.ROD.PAVE.ZS

Roads, paved (% of total roads)

Paved roads are those surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country's roads, measured in length.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IT.NET.USER.ZS

Individuals using the Internet (% of population)

Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IS.VEH.PCAR.P3

Passenger cars (per 1,000 people)

Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver).

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IT.CEL.SETS.P2

Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)

Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provide access to the public switched telephone network. Post-paid and prepaid subscriptions are included.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.H2O.SAFE.ZS

Percentage of the population with sustainable access to safe drinking water

Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.ACSN

Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)

Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.AGRI.ZS

Land under cultivation (% of total land area)

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ER.LND.PTLD.ZS

Land classified as conservation areas (% of total land area)

Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.FRST.ZS

Forested land (% of total land area)

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.ATM.CO2E.PC

Level of carbon emissions per capita (in tons)

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.USE.ELEC.KH.PC

Power consumption per inhabitant

Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.AGR.EMPL.ZS

Jobs in agriculture (% of total)

Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.IMP.CONS.ZS

Energy imports (% of total energy consumption)

Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.TLF.0714.ZS

Child labour (% of children aged 7 to 14)

Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.UEM.TOTL.ZS

Unemployment rate

Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/BX.KLT.DINV.CD.WD

Foreign direct investment, net inflows (BoP, current US$)

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors. Data are in current U.S. Dollars.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.DOD.DECT.CD

Total foreign debt

Total external debt is debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNP.ATLS.CD

GNI (current US$)

GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNP.PCAP.CD

GNI per capita (current US$)

GNI per capita (formerly GNP per capita) is the gross national income, converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divided by the midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.EXP.GNFS.ZS

Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)

Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.IMP.GNFS.ZS

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/FP.CPI.TOTL.ZG

Inflation

Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.TDS.DECT.EX.ZS

Debt service as percentage of exports of goods and services and net income from abroad

Total debt service is the sum of principal repayments and interest actually paid in foreign currency, goods, or services on long-term debt, interest paid on short-term debt, and repayments (repurchases and charges) to the IMF. Exports of goods and services includes income and workers' remittances.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NV.IND.TOTL.ZS

Industry, value added (% of GDP)

Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NV.AGR.TOTL.ZS

Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NV.SRV.TETC.ZS

Services, etc., value added (% of GDP)

Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG

GDP growth (annual %)

Annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources

Further information

A selection of links with further development-related background information on Burkina Faso

BMZ glossary

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