German development cooperation in the forestry sector

Acai nursery in Acre, Brazil: a state government initiative to assist reforestation

The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is currently working with 45 partner countries to protect forests. Here, Germany is pursuing two overarching development-policy goals: reducing poverty, and preserving the forests’ capacity to maintain ecological balance.

For projects designed essentially for the REDD mechanism (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation), Germany’s bilateral pledges up to 2014 amounted to 121.5 million euros. The BMZ is also currently supporting 197 projects worth a total of over 1.5 billion whose main objective is the protection and sustainable management of forests.

Under the International Climate Initiative of the Federal Environment Ministry, Germany has spent some 126 million euros on forest and biodiversity protection since 2008.

At the special UN Climate Summit held in New York in September 2014, the German government pledged fresh funding to protect tropical forests. Germany declared itself willing to help finance forest protection programmes in up to 20 developing countries, provided that these verifiably avoid deforestation and reduce emissions.

At the UN Climate Change Conference in Lima in December 2014, Germany pledged a further 160 million euros for international forest protection measures.

Children sitting in a tree

The GNU Initiative (GNU = Germany, Norway and the United Kingdom) is especially important. It underlines the political will of the three largest donor countries in the forestry sector to make an even stronger commitment to forest protection for climate change mitigation.

At the UN Climate Summit in New York in 2014 the initiative was launched as the centrepiece for implementing the New York Declaration on Forests (NYDF). The NYDF is an ambitious voluntary commitment by the public and private sectors to halt deforestation, reduce emissions from the land use sector and create substantial economic incentives for the achievement of these goals.

At the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris in December 2015 the GNU partners affirmed their will to make available between 2015 and 2020 a total of five billion US dollars to protect and restore tropical forests, and to significantly increase their share of results-based REDD+ funding. Alongside the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and the BioCarbon Fund, Germany’s REDD Early Movers (REM) programme is a key instrument for delivering the GNU funds.

To find out more about German development cooperation’s other strategies and packages of measures in the forestry sector, please click on these links:

BMZ glossary

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