Crisis prevention

Economic development and job creation

Worker in a tungsten mine in Rwanda

Economic factors that can cause conflicts and exacerbate crises include the unequal distribution of wealth, poverty, unemployment, and unfair distribution of resources. Within the framework of its development cooperation, which is geared to the long term, the German government supports its partner countries, among other things, in improving access to resources, diversifying the economy and establishing vocational training opportunities for young people.

Private enterprises are important partners in crisis prevention efforts. Through investment and trade, job creation and the transfer of knowledge, they can have a considerable peace-promoting effect. Germany therefore supports, among other things, the development of voluntary codes of conduct that give expression to corporate social responsibility.

One factor that often triggers conflict in developing countries is trade in mineral or energy resources. The BMZ is working towards making sure that extractive resources are used for the benefit of the entire population. It therefore provides special support to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). Participating governments and companies commit themselves to making payment flows in the gas, oil and mining sector transparent.

Germany has also been working for the successful implementation of an OECD guideline that helps enterprises to make their mineral supply chains from crisis regions responsible, conflict-sensitive and sustainable.

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