Crisis prevention

Environmental protection and climate action

African forest elephants in Dzanga Sangha National Park in the border triangle of the Republic of Congo, Cameroon and Central African Republic

The importance of environmental policy as a crisis prevention tool is often underrated. Increasing environmental degradation, unequal distribution of natural resources and the water scarcity that must be expected as a result of climate change are causing a deterioration in people's living conditions in developing countries – and are thus a major potential source of conflict.

Transboundary and regional development cooperation projects in the field of environment can therefore make an important contribution to peacebuilding. This includes programmes in support of renewable energy, improved water resource management, and forest conservation. In Africa, Germany therefore supports the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), the Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC), the International Commission of the Congo-Oubangui-Sangha Basin (CICOS) and the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP).

Through climate action programmes, the BMZ helps developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the consequences of climate change. The Ministry also gives support to the introduction of climate risk insurance. Such insurance provides targeted protection against climate risks such as droughts and floods, especially for poor and vulnerable people.

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