Moorland in Europe

Climate and biodiversity Tackling climate change

Biodiversity conservation is one of the keys to success in climate change mitigation and in adapting to the consequences of climate change. This is because healthy ecosystems store vast quantities of greenhouse gases and mitigate the consequences of extreme weather events. They ensure that vital ecosystem services such as clean water and fresh air will continue to be available to everyone in future.

Water scarcity and drought are among the serious consequences of climate change.
Rainforest in Brazil

If forests are cleared or wetlands drained, or if global warming causes permafrost soils to thaw, greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane are released into the atmosphere, exacerbating climate change.

Healthy ecosystems play a significant part in mitigating the consequences of climate change for people and nature. For example, genetic diversity increases the likelihood that a sufficient number of species will find suitable living conditions even when climatic conditions change. Healthy forests mitigate the impacts of floods, storms and heavy rains that would otherwise cause much greater damage.

The international concept of ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change combines the objectives of climate change mitigation, biodiversity conservation and sustainable resource management. Germany supports international initiatives and numerous bilateral development projects that pursue this approach, including tropical forest conservation projects in the Amazon, the Congo Basin and Indonesia and peatland regeneration projects.