Germany’s contribution

Promoting transboundary approaches

View on Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area

Transboundary approaches are needed if entire ecosystems are to be protected, since they can be a way of reconciling the protective and usage interests of different stakeholders.

Often, crises and conflicts render multi-country cooperation more difficult. However, conservation and sustainable development issues can often have the effect of promoting cooperation among countries, even in difficult situations. These issues allow for an exchange around experiences, and provide space for joint learning.

Transboundary conservation measures frequently focus on ecosystems with particularly high biological diversity, primarily forest ecosystems. The key regional organisations responsible for tropical forest conservation, the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (Organização do Tratado de Cooperação Amazônica, OTCA) and the Central African Forest Commission (Commission des Forêts de l’Afrique Centrale, COMIFAC), receive support through German development cooperation. Other programmes to protect transboundary ecosystems are also supported; they address issues such as the management of coastal zones in the Caribbean and combating desertification in Central Asia.

In southern Africa efforts have been underway since the 1990s to establish "Peace Parks". These are transboundary protected areas designed to preserve biological and cultural diversity while also promoting peace and cooperation between the countries involved. One of the world’s largest nature conservation areas is gradually taking shape as a part of this process. Thirty-six protected zones and national parks in Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia are to be connected together as the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA, TFCA). KfW Development Bank, acting on behalf of the BMZ, is one of the largest donors underpinning the development of KAZA.

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