Germany’s contribution

Shaping the international framework

Farmer checking little coffee plant seedlings.

In 2010, the parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted a strategic plan that sets out a medium-term mission up to 2020 and a long-term vision to 2050. Twenty sub and interim targets for conserving biodiversity were formulated to mark the way.

One of these targets stipulates that by 2020 the rate of biodiversity loss should be at least halved, and even, where feasible, reduced to zero, and the destruction and degradation of natural habitats should be significantly reduced. Development of a worldwide system of protected areas is envisaged and more effective efforts to fight the causes of biodiversity loss. In addition, greater consideration is to be given in national planning processes, national accounting systems and reporting systems to the value of biodiversity and the services it provides for humans.

Developing national strategies

National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) are a key instrument for implementing the CBD. However, in many countries the NBSAPs have not yet produced the desired results. Biodiversity strategies must be networked with other policy sectors, especially with poverty reduction measures, and greater consideration given to socio-economic aspects.

The German government is therefore working with the Secretariat of the CBD to prepare and develop NBSAPs in the partner countries where Germany is engaged in development cooperation.

Mainstreaming biodiversity in international processes

Another essential task for the international community is incorporating biodiversity-related aspects into other political and economic processes.

For instance, for the long-term success of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing adopted in 2010, it is key that issues relating to patent law and intellectual property also be taken into consideration. Equitable participation in profits generated from the use of genetic resources is not possible if patents fail to take account of such compensatory mechanisms.

Germany supports international efforts to better coordinate the Biodiversity Convention, the Nagoya Protocol and the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS agreement) with one another.

The German government is also working to get greater consideration given to biodiversity aspects in forest protection. One example in this regard is the REDD+ process, which creates financial incentives for the conservation and reforestation of forests. Originally conceived as a climate change mitigation instrument to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, REDD measures can also contribute significantly to the protection of biodiversity.

Identify new sources of funding

The world may be becoming more and more aware of the economic value of biodiversity and ecosystem services, but a lack of funding for conservation measures is still one of the main reasons for the persistent loss of biodiversity. This is particularly true in developing countries.

For this reason, at the 10th Conference of the Parties to the CBD in Nagoya, the industrialised countries committed to significant increases in their financial support, both from government and from private sources. New and innovative financial mechanisms are necessary to raise the requisite funds. Germany and other donors are together discussing and analysing a number of approaches, including environmentally oriented fiscal reforms, payments for environmental services, and actively involving the private sector in the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.

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