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Promoting education in crisis regions and fragile states

Math lessons in a secondary school in Kabul, Afghanistan

Studies have shown that countries with high levels of education are less likely to become embroiled in violent conflicts. If, on the other hand, large sections of the younger generation do not have any access to education and may therefore experience poverty, unemployment and a lack of prospects, there is a greater risk of violent clashes.

Armed conflicts in turn have a negative impact on the education opportunities of children and young people. According to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), more than half of all forcibly displaced people are under the age of 18. Refugee camps often do not provide children and young people with adequate education opportunities. In many host countries, they are excluded from attending state-run schools.

Special measures are needed to reach these boys and girls: school facilities in emergency and refugee camps, and in communities hosting large numbers of refugees, trauma counselling and reconciliation work, and peace education.

Cooperating with governmental and non-governmental institutions

By offering education programmes in fragile states and in countries marked by violence the BMZ is helping to address the causes and effects of conflicts, end conflicts peacefully and prevent new ones. Scholarships are given, for instance, to students from conflict regions through the BMZ's special initiative "Tackling the root causes of displacement, reintegrating refugees". Education programmes in Jordan are open to both Syrian refugees and local people, enabling them to build new livelihoods for themselves. In Lebanon, the BMZ is supporting the UNICEF programme Reaching all Children with Education, giving Syrian, Palestinian and Lebanese children the chance to attend primary school.

In fragile countries, development cooperation with government authorities is often not possible. In order to nevertheless improve the educational offering in such circumstances, the BMZ works with church-based project-executing agencies and non-governmental organisations, for example. Even so, the medium to long-term objective is always that governments provide high-quality basic education that is accessible, compulsory and free for everyone.


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