General facts and figures

Surface area

Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.

Definition and source: World Bank



Definition and source: Federal Foreign Office

Ranking Human Development Index (HDI)

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) publishes a Human Development Report once a year. The Human Development Index (HDI) contained in the Report records average figures for a country in fundamentally important fields of human development. These include, for example, life expectancy at birth, level of education and per capita income. From a large number of such individual indicators a ranking is calculated. Using this ranking it is possible to establish the average development status of a particular country.

Definition and source: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Country name


Definition and source: Federal Foreign Office

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