Street view in Sullana, Peru

Priority area Sustainable urban development in times of climate change Making infrastructure fit for the future

Today, around 79 per cent of Peruvians live in cities, and almost a third of the population lives in the greater Lima region (about ten million inhabitants).

The aim of this priority area of German-Peruvian cooperation is to secure a sustainable supply of goods and services for the growing urban population in times of climate change. In order to achieve this aim, activities are focused on four areas of action.

Water supply and sanitation

Both in the capital of Lima and in the densely populated areas along the Pacific coast, water resources are scarce and often polluted. Sanitation systems and, above all, sewage treatment plants are not available everywhere. Particularly when it comes to rural areas, water quality still varies from region to region.

The primary goal of German development cooperation is to improve the supply of drinking water and sanitation systems for poorer sections of the population and, with private sector involvement, to adapt water resource management to climate change.

To that end, Germany is providing advice, among others to the Peruvian government and to the newly established national authority for the management of water utilities (OTASS). Cooperation between public and private players is being scaled up, and utilities are receiving support to help them make technical upgrades, reduce water losses, introduce concepts for efficient management, reform their tariff systems and improve vocational training.

In addition, the BMZ is promoting the construction, extension and modernisation of drinking water supply systems, sewage systems and wastewater treatment plants.

A shantytown in Lima

A shantytown in Lima

A shantytown in Lima

Urban mobility

German experts are advising Peruvian ministries and municipalities on how they can translate the requirements of national climate strategies into sustainable transport concepts – making the shift from individual transport, which is still very dominant, to a robust, safe, accessible, green and climate-friendly urban transport system. To that end, for instance, KfW Entwicklungsbank is supporting the extension of public transport systems in selected towns and cities under Financial Cooperation.

Night-time road traffic in Lima

Night-time road traffic in Lima

Night-time road traffic in Lima

Promoting energy efficiency and renewable energies

In the field of energy policy, the Peruvian government is pursuing two key objectives, namely achieving security of supply through national energy sources, and diversification of energy supply. Overall, the focus of Peruvian energy policy is on expanding hydropower and the natural gas sector.

Germany is engaged in activities designed to ensure inclusive, efficient and socially and ecologically sustainable energy supply in Peru (SDG 7 of the 2030 Agenda). In addition, the BMZ is working towards increasing the use of renewables and improving energy efficiency.

Waste management

Peru’s waste sector has seen a stark increase in both volume and hazardousness of waste in recent years. The Peruvian national environmental management plan for the period 2011 to 2021 stipulates that systems for proper collection and disposal of 100 per cent of municipal waste are to be introduced by 2021. Through its development cooperation activities, Germany is assisting its partners in Peru in establishing environmentally sound, resource-saving and economically viable waste management systems.