Political situation Recent history: turbulent times
The 1980s were overshadowed by the terrorist activities of the Maoist guerrilla movement known as Shining Path. Then came an authoritarian government, led by President Alberto Fujimori. In 2001, Peru returned to the path of democracy. Since then, the country has seen five democratic changes in government.
Despite this stable political progress in recent decades, Peru is still in the process of establishing democratic state institutions. This includes working towards the key goals that the Peruvian government has set itself, namely implementing decentralisation and preventing or cracking down on corruption.