The refugee crisis More than one in every five people living in the country is a refugee
Most Syrian refugees arrive in northern Lebanon, a region where the social situation is already difficult. The prosperity gap in Lebanon is huge. Consequently, there is a risk of distributional conflicts arising between the refugees and local people..
The Lebanese government is seeking to significantly restrict the number of refugees coming into the country. To this end, it has introduced more stringent border controls and now requires entry visas. Lebanon is not a party to the Geneva Refugee Convention of 1951. This means that Syrian refugees can register in Lebanon but gain no legal benefits from doing so. For example, they do not receive work permits.