European Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM)

Tensions in relations with Russia Suspended diplomatic relations

Russia's support for the breakaway Georgian territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia is putting enormous strain on the relations between Tbilisi and Moscow.

In August 2008, the conflict escalated into a five-day war. Since that time, Russia and Georgia have had no diplomatic relations. A ceasefire was agreed, brokered by the European Union. A civilian monitoring mission (European Union Monitoring Mission in Georgia (External link), EUMM) is monitoring compliance with the terms agreed.

Russia has recognised Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states. In the international community, the majority of countries – including Germany – has condemned the conclusion of "alliance treaties" between Russia and the two regions, noting that they violate international law. However, the Georgian government is trying to improve relations with Russia. Since 2012, trade with Russia has gradually been resumed.