Workers in a textile factory in Ethiopia, producing for a chain of shops that is widespread in Germany

Soziale Situation Focus on development is bearing fruit

The Ethiopian government has extremely ambitious reform plans for modernising the state and reducing poverty. On the current Human Development Index (HDI), Ethiopia ranks 173rd out of 189 countries.

In the past few years, Ethiopia has already been able to make enormous progress on development. According to World Bank figures, the proportion of people in extreme poverty dropped from 71.1 per cent (1995) to 30.8 per cent (2018). Child mortality fell by almost 70 per cent between 1995 and 2017. The school enrolment rate was 85 per cent in 2015 (1995: 22 per cent).

Yet there continue to be vast challenges. About one fifth of the population is considered to be undernourished. Only about ten per cent of the people have access to safe drinking water, and less than 30 per cent of all births are attended by skilled medical personnel.

Population growing rapidly

The high level of population growth is putting pressure on the environment and the country's resources. Over the past 20 years, Ethiopia's population has grown by 2.8 per cent a year on average, from 62.5 million (1998) to approximately 109 million (2018). If this trend continues, Ethiopia will be one of the ten most populous countries in the world by 2050.

In order to reduce youth unemployment, the government wants to improve training opportunities and create new jobs through economic development.