Political situation Ambitious development goals

The new constitution adopted in 2008 invokes the guiding principle of a firmly established concept in indigenous culture, sumak kawsay (a Kichwa expression meaning "good living", or "buen vivir" in Spanish).

First Meeting of Andean Peoples and Nationalities for Sumak Kawsay in Ecuador in 2011

First Meeting of Andean Peoples and Nationalities for Sumak Kawsay in Ecuador in 2011

First Meeting of Andean Peoples and Nationalities for Sumak Kawsay in Ecuador in 2011

The constitution defines Ecuador as a social, democratic, intercultural, multinational and secular state. It lays down basic social rights – such as the rights to food, health and education – and declares national sovereignty over strategic resources.

Important decision in constitutional referendum

The domestic policy situation for President Lenín Moreno is difficult. 29 supporters of his predecessor, Correa, left the parliamentary group of the Alianza País in 2017 because they do not support Moreno's course. The governing party has since only held 45 of 137 seats in parliament, so it has had to work together with other parties.

However, in February 2018 Moreno was able to consolidate his political position. In a constitutional referendum, his proposals received significant support. The issues covered by the referendum included better environmental protection (expansion of the Yasuní National Park, restrictions on oil production), a limit on presidential election terms, and more severe sentences for corruption offences.

A life free from poverty and violence

Ecuador's government has set itself ambitious development goals. The National Development Plan adopted in July 2017, which covers the period up to 2021, stipulates as its goal that all citizens should be able to lead lives free from poverty and violence. Particular prominence has been given to political and social dialogue and to giving the population a say in all areas of life. The new Development Plan was framed specifically for the purpose of implementing the 2030 Agenda at the national level. In the Plan, social inclusion, environmental sustainability, political participation and peace are linked together.