Priority area Water, wastewater, waste Nationwide services, environmentally sound disposal
In many regions, wastewater and waste are not being disposed of properly. About one in three households is not connected to the sewer network. Waste is often taken to illegal or poorly managed dumps.
The government is undertaking major efforts to fundamentally reform the water sector. Among other things, it has transferred the management and ownership of water and sanitation utilities from the central government level to cities and municipalities. The government has also presented a waste management strategy, and it has adopted numerous laws and regulations, for instance on waste segregation, composting and recycling.
Investment and advice
Germany is assisting Albania in modernising and expanding its infrastructure and adjusting water and wastewater management to EU standards. So far, about 15 medium-sized cities and 50 municipalities have benefited from new drinking water reservoirs, waterworks and wastewater treatment plants. Hundreds of kilometres of new water pipes have been installed. German support is provided on the basis of a performance-based approach under which utilities are eligible for funding if they meet certain minimum requirements.
In parallel, advice is being provided to ministries, municipalities and utilities on how to make water, wastewater and waste management environmentally sound while conserving resources and recovering costs. As part of a model project, three partner municipalities are being supported as they draft and implement waste management strategies and develop the related financing models. The project is based on broad participation by local citizens.