The new millennium heralded the start of the age of cities. For the first time in the history of mankind the majority of the world's population is now living in cities: Whereas in the mid-20th century the share of urban dwellers in the global population was only 30 per cent, that share exceeded 50 per cent for the first time in 2008 – and the trend is upwards. According to estimates, by 2050 some 80 per cent of the world's population will be living in urban centres. This growth is focused almost exclusively in developing countries, as are, consequently, the potentials and challenges of sustainable development.
more - Background: the age of cities