Good governance and sustainable
development are indivisible.
(Kofi Annan)

An African journalist sits in the press centre and writes a text. Copyright: BMZ

Good Governance

Progress and development are not underpinned by economic advancement alone, but also by good governance. "Weak" governments, arbitrary legal and judicial systems, corruption and poorly functioning administration are also massive obstacles to development. Since the mid-1990s, good governance has therefore become a key concept in development strategies. The promotion of good governance involves creating the right political conditions for successful social, environmental and economic development in the partner countries in which development cooperation takes place. more


Democracy is the only political system that guarantees people political and civil liberties and the right to political participation. No other form of government has proved to be so successful, so humane and so conducive to development. Not only are consolidated democracies less likely to engage in armed conflict, it becomes more difficult for governments to violate human rights or abuse their authority if their power is democratically controlled by the people over whom they rule. more


The World Bank estimates that the global costs of corruption – whether in the form of bribery, embezzlement, misappropriation, patronage practices or nepotism – amount to between one and four thousand billion US dollars every year. Through corruption public resources are wasted instead of being used to promote sustainable development in the interest of all sections of the population. Corruption also endangers the development of democratic structures and puts the legitimacy of the state in question. Tackling corruption is therefore an area to be addressed in its own right as well as an across-the-board issue of German development cooperation. more

EITI – Transparency in extractive industries

Many developing countries are rich in natural resources but poor in development opportunities. As a result of mismanagement, corruption and local conflicts, national revenues from the trade in natural resources often fail to benefit the poor. The World Summit for Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002 therefore set up the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). Its aim is to increase the transparency of the cash flows resulting from the extraction of oil, gas and other natural resources, in order to prevent misuse of these funds. more

Rule of law – a pillar of good governance

Rule of law is a prerequisite for peace, freedom and sustainable development. Furthermore, it helps countries achieve all the goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development more quickly. It forms the basis for a functioning democracy and is a key element of good governance. more

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