HIV and AIDS
The German contribution to containing the worldwide spread of HIV and AIDS
Germany is one of the largest contributors when it comes to containing the spread of HIV. In 2011 alone, Germany made just under 700 million euros of development funding available to the health sector. A large share of that money went to measures linked to fighting HIV.
Financial resources made available by Germany are deployed under bilateral development cooperation and through multilateral organisations and funds. In the field of bilateral development cooperation, Germany has agreed on the priority area of "Health, Family Planning, HIV/AIDS" with 15 partner countries and two regions. In addition, health-related measures are supported in some 20 countries.
Aside from these direct measures, many other programmes within German development cooperation are helping to halt the HIV epidemic. The commitment to fight HIV and AIDS – like the struggle against poverty – is an overarching goal of German development policy. All development cooperation measures take account of the issue.
Germany works closely with international organisations when it comes to containing the HIV epidemic. Germany contributes significant amounts of funding to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM).
For many years, Germany has also supported the European Union’s and the World Bank’s programmes to fight the HIV epidemic. Germany also cooperates with numerous UN organisations in this area: the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
An important aim of German development policy is to achieve better coordination and harmonisation of the efforts of donors and cooperation partners when it comes to containing HIV. The German government supports the "Three Ones" initiative, which was designed by UNAIDS and prepared jointly with the Global Fund and the World Bank. It has three objectives:
- an agreed national framework on the basis of which the activities of all partners can be coordinated;
- a national, cross-sectoral HIV coordinating authority; and
- an agreed country-level monitoring and evaluation system (monitoring and evaluation).
Work is also ongoing within German development cooperation to increase the level of networking between the various German actors, with a view to increasing the effectiveness of individual HIV measures.
German programmes to contain HIV in developing countries focus on five major areas:
- Cooperation and coordination among the various actors involved in containing the epidemic
- Strengthening health care and therapy
- Creating a climate of solidarity and non-discrimination
- Monitoring and quality control of all measures.
The aim is to ensure that measures to contain HIV are integrated across sectors. Involving target groups and civil society is one important means of doing that. That means
- HIV measures are integrated into other development programmes. For instance, they can be combined with measures to promote sexual and reproductive health, to strengthen health systems and to promote the safety of blood transfusions. Multilateral and bilateral development cooperation funds are used in such a way as to generate a combined effect. Private sector involvement in the field of health promotion is promoted through regional organisations and workplace programmes;
- Account is taken of gender inequalities in the planning, implementation and evaluation of HIV measures;
- The social consequences of HIV and AIDS are reduced by providing support to poor households and AIDS orphans and other vulnerable children.
- Issues: Health – a human right
- Issues: Strengthening health systems
- BMZ web portal: Healthy DEvelopments – Germany's commitment to health and social protection
- Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM)
- Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
- United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
- United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)