Fair Trade standards

Fair Trade Labelling Organization International (FLO)

Mable Matetsu from Volta River Estates Fairtrade Bananas in Ghana with the banana harvest

Fairtrade International (FLO) was established in 1997 and is based in Bonn, Germany. The umbrella organisation currently comprises 25 national labelling organisations.

FLO has developed standards for producers and traders. These standards consist of core and development requirements. Producers need to meet the core requirements in order to receive initial Fair Trade certification. Once certified, they must then fulfil further development requirements, with a view to improving their organisational structures and working conditions over time and implementing measures to sustainably protect the environment.

In addition to standards for traders, there are also Fair Trade standards for small farmers, contract growers and plantation workers. These standards are in turn defined in detail for each specific product, for example, for coffee, tea, bananas, spices, flowers and cotton. For more details, please go to FLO's website ​here.

All FLO-affiliated organisations have been using a uniform Fairtrade label since 2003. Before they can sell products with this label, traders and importers must acquire a license. In Germany, the label is awarded by the independent organisation TransFair e.V., one of FLO's founding members. The independent certification body FLOCERT checks whether licensees that hold Fairtrade certification comply with the prescribed standards.

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